to [June 2007]
The Government of
Indonesia dismissed the CGI donor group (Consultative Group on
Indonesia)The group consist of a number of developed
countries to provide financial support was established in 1992.
In turn, through tough terms and conditions, CGI was authorized in setting up economy and financial policies for
Indonesia. The dismissal are based on the set of
failure of CGI's advices and implementation in economy and
financial, particularly in settling Indonesian government debt
KPK (the Indonesian Corruption
Extermination Committee) 'seized' USD 3 mllion Corruptors' Assets in
The number will escalates with additional USD 1,7 million
under investigation, where assets seized are vehicles, properties,
lands, machineries and office equipments. Assets are seized from 26
cases out of 120 cases in 2006 only. Up to November 2006 there are
15.861 community reports of corruption, where 95 percent assessed and
226 corruption cases are seriously investigated, recently, and 78 cases
on trial and 11 cases received verdicts. In 2007, KPK will remain
targeting at big amount corrupted by public figures, where in 2006 KPK
conducted legal due processes to - including but not limited to - 8
governors, ministers and 3 ex-ministers, army generals and police
generals, majors, high rank officers and member of parliaments, and a
big number of businessmen.
Government Performances. A recent poll held on public satisfaction on
the month of 27 of the Government administration performances.
poll shows that the performances reduced from 51,9% to 47,5% in
the last 12 months, although generally the people (72%) remain having
full trust in the-direct elected President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono. The poll also shows, that people remain satisfied for
the guarantee of freedom of speech and freedom of the press, including freedom
to embrace religion. In contrast are to satisfaction to social welfare,
economic welfare, political issues, and law reform decreased
to 34,1% from 40,0%, 30,5% from 41,7%, 59,9% from 82,2%, to 52,7% from
81%, respectively. However, the respondents realized that the problems faced are enormous,
complicated and take times to solve. Indonesia, the most democratic
country in the region, composed of 225 million of population, over 50
ethnics and 450 dialogues, 5 religions, spread over 5 big island and
other thousand small islands in three time zones.
General Attorney Orders to Push to Search for 12
Indonesian Fugitives. The 5 orders include the
cooperation with the Indonesian embassies and consulates
abroad to report their presence nearby. The 12
fugitives are related to the corruption of the
Indonesian government Bank Liquidity Support in 1997 (BLBI)
for a number of private banks leaded by
Indonesian-Chinese. Singapore, unfortunately is the one
of the country being uncooperative since Singapore has
been well known protecting a number of the said
Indonesian bank criminals. The Indonesia' request of
retroactive extradition has not been responded by
Singapore, whereas the Singapore government request for
a long list discretions has been rejected by the
Indonesian government. The 12 persons are Eko Edi
Putranto (BLBI Bank Harapan Sentosa/BHS Rp 2,6
trillions), Sherny Kojongian (BLBI BHS), Lesmana Basuki
(medium term notes/MTN Rp 209 billion and USD 105
million corruption case), and Tony Suherman (promissory
notes and medium term notes/MTN case of Rp 209 billion
and USD 105 million), Bambang Sutrisno (BLBI Bank Surya
Rp 1,5 trillion), Andrian Kiki Ariawan (BLBI Bank Surya
Rp 1,5 trillion), Nader Thaher (Bank Mandiri case), Hary
Matalata, Hendro Bambang Sumantri, and Eddy Djunaedi.
Andy Xie, Indonesian' wealth in
Singapore are valued at USD 78 billions, which 200 are
identified to be Indonesian-Chinese businessman/bank
Indonesian Middle Class must promote Law
Supremacy. An inauguration speech at the Gadjah Mada State University addressed by Profesor Boediono (current Coordinating minister
for Economy), warns that a sustainable democracy for Indonesia for the
next 9 years must be promoted by the Indonesian middle class. To secure
its sincere intention toward reformation, the typical of middle class
are expected those particularly who grew free from past corruption
collusion and nepotism, instead those who previously enjoyed royal
treatment and fed by social and economic priviledges prior to the 1998 reformation. The
typical of such Indonesian middle class remain small in numbers, where
it is represented by the professionals, NGO, and private entities. In
terms of Indonesia's economy these days, it is likely that law supremacy
must take place for a sustainable democracy.
Director General of the WTO Pascal Lamy,
Visited Indonesia. The visit purposes are to establish close
dialogues on the WTO issues in NAMA, SP, SSM and Special Products with
regard to tariffs elimination and market access for the upcoming Doha
Round. This is in relation to Indonesia's role as Chairman of the G-33.
On the WTO law, Pascal also admitted that in general the WTO laws are unfair, at least not yet fair, but the legal system now is far better
than it used to be. He also admitted that WTO Secretariat
pays more attention
to the developing countries than to the developed countries. These were
addressed during WTO workshop held by the Forum WTO Indonesia, attended
by Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of Trade, Indonesian Ambassador
to WTO, members of the Forum WTO Indonesia and WTO stakeholders.
Indonesian Police Force under the Department of
Domestic Affairs. New laws will put the Police Force not under
the President's Office, but under a ministry. In spite of rejection from
the Police Forces, the draft however increased big positive responses,
where police authority must be limited only to security issues, and not
beyond it as it is now. Currently, the police may conduct district
attorney's tasks to investigate and interrogate crime suspects. The
human resources during recruitment is also the concern, since study
shows the policemen recruitment' passing grade is the lowest among other
public institution, including bribe and nepotism issues.
of Anti Corruption. The draft will impose minimum 5 to 20 years
imprisonment and life sentence (replacing death sentence) applied to
those who corrupted the budget for natural disaster, social disaster and
economic crisis. The law also covers corruption by private entities and
public international institutions. Maximum of 9 years imprisonment applied to other
corruption cases. No more minimum sentence. This new law will replace
the law 31/1999 and 20/2001 of Extermination of Corruption Criminal
Cooperate with KY (Judicial Commitee) and PPATK (Center for Financial
Transaction Analysis). All the three institutions shall share
data and information, including exchange of staffs, education and
training. Declined attitude of judges are also covered, where each may
report and take legal actions. Other cooperation between the Indonesian
government (the General Attorney Office and the Police) and the US (the
FBI and the DEA) also recently resulted that, an Indonesian corruption
fugitive in the US will soon be arrested and deported for trial in
KPK called a number of Governors for Corruption indications. The
governors are from Central Java for a corruption case of public
transport procurements and ex governors of South Kalimantan for land
procurements public project. Other 7
governors are also
investigated for corruption indication, which are from the provinces of West
Java, Lampung, North Sumatera, West Sumatera, Riau, Bali and Irian Jaya.
A number of regents also called for corruption investigations at various
public projects and budgets. Indonesia is the only country in the region
where high rank civil and military public officers are called and
punished for authority misconduct.
3,195 Bank Account Numbers of USD 2 billions, Unreported.
Those are the numbers found by the Indonesian Director of Accounting and
Financial Report of the Department of Finance, where such accounts are
at a number of Indonesian state departments and government entities,
accounts created before year 2000.
Previously the Indonesian State Auditors found a smaller number, 1,303
accounts totaling USD 0,9 billion. The said accounts are considered under
the proprietary of the government of Indonesia.
Malaysian Foreign Minister Addressed Official Apology for Trespassing.
The trespassing by Malaysian Naval Coast Guards early this March are uncontrollable,
in which violates the Indonesian territory at the Indonesia's Ambalat Block Oil
Reserve. The Malaysian Foreign Minister addressed the
official apology to the Indonesian Foreign Minister during a meeting in
Jakarta, recently. The Indonesian Navy seriously may take further actions under
the UNCLOS (Law of the Sea 1982) of attacking foreign ships in the
waters if so refused to leave.
Indonesians Released at the Malaysian Immigration Office.
to the Indonesian embassy officers based on a Norwegian gentlemen report, the 12
Indonesian released after being arrested 10 days for immigration
violation. However, the Malaysian authority refused to make legal action
towards the labor exploitation and abuses by the Malaysian employer of a
hotel services. The same also happen towards a member of the Malay Royal
family for causing injury to an Indonesian domestic labor, last year.
Japan Government Provide Soft Loan to the Government of Indonesia.
The untied loan for 30 years at 1,5% interest p.a of Rp 1,875 trillion
(USD205million) are aimed at the development of social and economy
sectors in Indonesia. The Excellency Japan Ambassador for Indonesia, Shin
Ebihara, signed the said loan in Jakarta, recently.
Bill of Foreign Investment Soon Released. The final summit
meeting of the house on 29 March will decide to or delay the release of
the 39 article laws. A number fraction in the house objects the soft
laws on the issue of
foreign corporation crime, as proven by current number of cases
on trial under various laws, committed by foreign investors. The law will now provide single entry for
licensing at the BKPM, which is now shall directly responsible to the president
instead the minister of trade. The law will provide facilities for those
investing in remote areas and able to employ more workers, to enjoy land
title, import license, and special fiscal rights.
Devices establish its Representative Office. AMD, the world
class micro processor manufacturer, establish its office in Jakarta, the
first in Indonesia. The office is aimed at getting closer with the
Indonesian market, which is seen prospective. In 2005 AMD' global market
share reach 5 percent, where 2006 reach almost 12 percent.
Suspicious Financial Transaction (SFT). This is monthly SFT
transactions comparisons of 2006 to 2007 as reported by the Indonesian
Financial Transaction Analysis Report Center (PPATK)of which monthly SFT are 290
(totaling 3.482) to 352 (11 times daily) respectively, of which the
first two months are of 433 to 448 respectively. Since 2002, there has
been 7,489 SFT. In 2007, 448 STF has been reported by PPATK to the legal
officers for further investigations, however so far the law can only
reach bank owners or financial institution involved instead of the
customers. It is suspected the moneys are to fund a number of local
elections, to pay fines by corruptors and worst are corruptors move to
secure its assets.
A number of
Chairman of State Enterprises called for Corruption Suspect.
Laksamana Sukardi (ex Minister of State Enterprises) were interrogated
for causing state loss during the selling of government Very Large Crude
Cruise in 2004. Eddie Wiyono (Chairman of State Electric Enterprise) for
causing state loss of USD 2,6 million during the procurement of teo
truck mounted electrical power in Borang, South Sumatera, where an
Australian businessmen John David McDonald, will be one of the suspect
for corruption. Private partner of the Local Government Busway Project
was also charged for 5 years imprisoned for state loss of USD1,1
million. Recently, Chairman for State Logistic sit for trial for
corruption, where all predecessors happen to be the chairman now are
criminals and imprisoned.
Chaired the G-33 Meeting. The meeting on 21 March 2007 participated by
25 ministers and 28 member countries, with agenda
to reinforce the bargaining position of G-33 at the next WTO Meeting in
April 2007, following Mini Ministrial meeting at Davos in January 2007.
Members also aimed at finalizing the Doha Development Agenda'
Chairman of Logistics State Company become
Corruption Suspect. Other 5 inferior staffs were then arrested
by the District Attorney Officers after evidences of corruption found,
causing state loss of USD 1,1 million in 2001. 3 other private companies
part of the corruption, were involved and soon will be arrested and
charged. Since 2000, two other Chairman of State Logistic were also
involved in corruption ruled the Supreme Court, and they served their
time in jail and returned the money to the government (Beddu
Amang - 4 years since 2004 and Rahardi Ramelan
years since 2004).
Indonesia and Thailand gained 8,03 point for
Corruption Perception. The said numbers range from 0 for the
less and 10 for the worst, according to a recent research during January
to February 2007 with 1,500 respondents of foreign investors executives
at 13 cities in Southeast Asian Countries, held by PERC based in Hong
Kong. Indonesia' rank is better than 2006, and in contrary for Thailand
and the Philippines (9,40). Singapore (1,20) and Hongkong (1,87) remain
the less corrupt. However, PERC admitted that corruption perception are
closely related to transparency and freedom of speech, and that foreign
business and investors are taking advantages from the corrupted
countries and treated them as a save heaven for corruption.
Indonesian Bureaucrats Fails to Perform.
A new poll result by an Indonesian national circulation newspaper with
885 respondents of at least 17 years old at 10 big cities, interviewed by
phone in 28 February through 1 March 2007 shows in general that,
bureaucrat are opt to be bribed (58%), less discipline (35%), are tied
to their political parties (30,3%) and it took long time to deal with them
for such a public service (62,9%).
Respondents also unsatisfied with their services, in terms of work speed
where they tend to be slow (64,7%), ineffective (65,3%), less responsive
(64,9%), less discipline (64,6%), less able in details (62,1%) and less
hospitable (42,8%). In cities basis, respondents at 9 cities are
generally also not satisfied with bureaucrat services. In terms of its
various failure in serving the public (particularly in public
transportation accidents, recently), the respondents also in agreement
the urgency to replace the incapable persons in order to increase its
responsibility (51,6%) and performance (47,2%). In Indonesia,
particularly during the new order era, it is well known that nepotism
and bribe plays significant role in the success of recruitment of public
Indonesia willing to Contract Renegotiation. The said agreement
is made with the House' Working Committee. A number of the contract has
been identified unfair for the Indonesian government, also where the
company is compelled to take precautions of environment and state
revenues. A good progress made is,
that a number of
process of raw materials are now conducted in Indonesia instead abroad.
Poll of Bribery by the Indonesian Public
Law Officers. A new poll held by Transparency International, an
NGO, shows that the court are at the top in terms to initiate for bribe
followed by the police institution (55%) and military institution
Interestingly, Collusion Corruption
and Nepotism (KKN) mostly also persuaded by multinational
companies and big corporations.
The polls held with 1700 respondents of business
institutions at 32 cities in Indonesia, composed of 89% domestic
investment and 11% foreign investment companies with registered business
and tax pay numbers.
Indonesia need to Protect more the Ambalat
Block Oil Reserve. This is a request by the Indonesian House of
Representative to the Indonesian Military Forces with regard to a number of
by the Malaysian coast
guards to the Ambalat Area Oil Reserve of Indonesia, recently. The
Malaysian Coast Guards then were forced
to leave the area by the Indonesian Marine Force. A number of Sea
Warcraft has been located in the area, that is KRI Sutanto, KRI
Multatuli, KRI Untung Surapati and KRI Badik..Malaysia in 2004
attempted to claim the said area, but convincing evidence and legal
proof can not be brought during the meeting of both countries. A same
incident also occurred by the trespassing of two military aircraft of
Geo-Politically, Indonesia is surrounded by the Commonwealth
countries such as Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei, Hong Kong SAR, Papua New Guinea and
Australia. Indonesia (pop. 240 million - 2006) is the only country in the region where the Allies
(the US & Britain) lost the war against Indonesians in order to
re-colonize Indonesia during the war in 1945 and 1949. Indonesia won the
wars and has earlier proclaimed its independence from the Dutch Colony in August 1945,
where first acknowledgement came from the Kingdom of Egypt. During 1945-
1950, Dutchmen in the Indonesian soil migrated to their homeland after
losing the war. In 1965, all Dutch companies in Indonesia, nationalized.
In 1991 Indonesia dismissed the IGGI (Intergovernmental Group on
Indonesia - a group of creditors) led by the Dutch, then a new form of
CGI in March 1992 established without the Dutch, which then were also
dismissed in 2007. Since 1945, all Dutch-identities were revolutionized
into Indonesia identity, covering language, education, politics,
statehood, laws and culture. The customary law (adat law) and religion
law, rebirthed. Modern Indonesian laws, introduced and incepted. Until now, most of the colonial Dutch laws has
been replaced by national laws and legislations. Historically, the first
kingdom (and other 70 kingdoms before the modern history) in Indonesia
was in year 150, where in 1200-1750 the imperium of Indonesia or
so-called 'Nusantara' under the Great Majapahit Kingdom in Java identifies the
so-called 'The Eight Territories' covering the current modern Indonesia
and the current ASEAN member countries, or simply the whole Southeast
Asia (from Kra and Pattani in Thailand, Singapore, Brunei, West of
Malaysia and Sabah and Labuan of Eastern Malaysia, Mindanao and Manila
of the Philippines, East Timor, Vietnam, Taiwan and Madagascar, and the
northern part of Australia), where levies were paid, identical culture and
the use of language of Bahasa Indonesia were found.
33 Memorandum of Understanding by 42 Indonesian State
Enterprises. The 33 MOUs through synergies between state
enterprises are expecting to increase state revenue up to Rp 70
trillion, annually. The cooperation will empower each enterprise in
government projects, such as aircraft manufacturer will utilize steels,
electrical devices, and use of gas and all other product manufactured by
the state enterprises.
54 Indonesians Facing Death Penalty in Malaysia.
According to the report from the deputy of Human Rights Working Group (HRWG),
16 of them are Indonesian migrant workers and the remaining are refugees
from Aceh during past conflicting time. HRWG asked the United Nations to
assist them during trial process in Malaysia, since most workers facing
criminal because of unjust treatment from their Malaysian employers,
such as unpaid salary for 6 months, abuse and inhuman treatment.
18 Indonesian Judges Reported never been Sanctioned by the Supreme
Court. The said numbers of judges are based on 1,200 community
reports of which 500 has been investigated for series of professional
misconduct and involved in court mafia, as reported by the Judicial
Committee (KY). The law they breached is the Ethic Code, where KY has
filed recommendation to the Supreme Court. KY also aware that their
authority has been slashed down by the Constitutional Court ruling, and
expected that under the new bill of KY will empower the President for
direct order to put sanctions for the said judges. In a different
official occasion, President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono said, that he is
not afraid and will keep maintain the combat of corruption and the
imprisoned corruptors, as proven during his administration. His
administrative order may be seems to be slow, because he is fully aware
about the laws.
16 Supreme Court Candidates' Wealth are Suspicious.
Following the passing serial test of quality, personal and
administration by the 7 members of the Judicial Committee (KY), the said
16 candidate of the supreme court judges now will face people'
responses, where it was found that their wealth exceeds their normal
income. Previous polls and community reports also result the same
findings According to the findings, one candidate of judge owned a house
at the value of USD 105.000, others has its monthly household exceeded
to USD 6,000 to 13,000 as to compared to their monthly salary at most at
USD 1,750. The Judicial Committee will respond to this findings by NGOs.
The whole process of election are the second round after the rejection
of candidates by the House on the first one conducted by the KY last
Poverty Reduced. According to the government official
report, the number decreased from 19,14 % (in 2000) to 15,9 % (in 2005)
for total population of 225 millions. However, as a respond to the high
increase of gas and oil price in the end of 2005, the percentage reached
17,75%. State' budget to reduce poverty has been significantly increased
from Rp18 trillion (USD 2 billion) in 2004 to Rp51 trillion (USD
5,5billion) in 2005 and projected at USD 65,5 trillion (USD 6,5 billion)
in 2008. 3 Indonesian economists and university lectures pointed out 5
sectors with 0-10 score (0 for worst), in what the government has done,
which are, that in providing and distribution of food reached 4-4-5
score, in providing access to education (6-7-6), health care for the
people (6-7-4), to tackle poverty (4-4-4) and to handle unemployment
(6-4-4). In doing so, the Indonesian President, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
who obtained his doctoral degree in agriculture from a reputable Bogor
Institute of Agriculture in Indonesia, has his strategy for the next 10
to 20 years, so called the Triple Track Strategy: progrowth, projob and
Indonesian Law Student Won the First Rank of Phillip Jessup
International Moot Court Competition. Held by the International
Student's Association of the American International Law Community in
Washington, USA, the said Indonesian woman of 20 years old law student
from the Faculty of Law the University of Indonesia, won the first rank
for oralist among other 290 contestants from 95 law schools all over the
world. In 2004, again Indonesian law student won for team category. The
moot court competition is a simulation court of the International Court
of Justice. In Indonesia, most public or state universities entry
competition are very tight, with seat to competitors ratio
varied at 1: 20 to 1:500.
Poll of the Presidential Advisory Insitutions. The poll
with 841 Indonesian respondents over 17 years at 10 major cities shows,
that 62%, 59,9% and 66,8% are satisfied, enthusiast and appreciate of
the establishment of Presidential Working Unit (UKP3R) in early 2006,
the Presidential 4 Staff of Advisors in mid 2006 and recently the
addition of 5 staffs of The Presidential Advisors (DPP), respectively.
Respondents rationale are based on the disappointment by the performance
failure by the current ministers mostly in agriculture/national
economic/social problems (32% to 66%), which they agree to dismiss a
number of ministers (50% to 77%), and finally that they believe the
President has the authority to do so (65,9%). Despite of the above,
respondents are also aware the increase of budget to maintain the
advisory board may increase national extra budgets. In other official
occasion, President Susilo warned leaders to avoid being arrogant,
greed, and changing attitude to serve people.
Chairman of State Logistics (Bulog), investigated for Corruption.
The chairman, Widjanarko Puspoyo, was found corrupt in different
government projects, which
involves his wife,
daughters, son-in-law, nephew and brother. All has been identified and
interrogated by the General Attorneys Office. A foreign company is also
a suspect. Bulog, has been known for financial sources of political
parties, where 3 previous chairman are criminals and now serve their
time in jail.
Indonesia-Timor Leste held a Committee on Truth and Peace meeting
(KKP). Hearing will be attended by witnesses by the Indonesian
ex Foreign Minister Ali Alatas and Indonesia Ambassador for Portugal
Fransisco Lopez da Cruz. Other 18 persons will follow, including ex
Indonesian Presiden BJ Habibie, Carlos Felipe Belo. and Eurico Guterres.
Timor Leste sees Indonesia as the most important neighbor, since Timor
Leste' domestic politics and economy remain suffered after the
referendum in 1999. Some people of Timor Leste perceived economy and
politics are far better prior to the referendum, and the Australian
involvement did not help much instead of Timor Gap Agreement which is
unfair and far from the end. KKP was established by President of
Indonesia Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and President of Timor Leste Xanana
Gosmao in 11 August 2005, has its agenda on 5 meetings and hearings to
unveil the final truth and to strengthen peace between two countries.
The first was held in Denpasar 19-20 February 2007, and second on 26-30
March 2007 in Jakarta. The following meeting is planned on April, May
and June 2007.
Presidential Advisory Council, established. Under the President'
Decision signed 26 March, the definitive of 9 advisors, appointed. Each
eminent person will advise in its particular expertise, such as
international relation (by Mr.Ali Alatas), law (Mr. Adnan Buyung
Nasution), economy (Mr. Sjahrir), defense and security (Mr. TB
Silalahi), agriculture (Rady A Gani), politics (Ms. Rahmawati
Soekarnoputri), religion (Mr. Ma'ruf Amin), social and culture (Mr.
Subur Budhi Santosa), and environment and sustainable development (Mr.
Bill of Human
Trafficking Extermination, Passed the House. The tougher law
imposed Rp 20 millions to Rp5 billions fines and 3 years to life
sentence for various trafficking, and triple sentences by corporate
crime. Parties or labor agents involved will receive additional
1/3 punishment. A number of Indonesians and foreigners indicated
committed are identified for human trafficking, including modern form of
slavery. According to UNICEF, at least 100.000 Indonesian woman and
children are trafficked abroad, annually. The law is part of the
Indonesia' commitment to the United Nations Palermo Convention 2001.
Australia John Howard Officially Apologize for Shooting Indonesian
Fishermen. The shooting incidents early this year by the
Australian Coast Guard toward a number Indonesian Fisherman and burning
down their ships at the adjacent waters, are now clear that the
Indonesian fishermen are still at the Indonesian waters. Australia
officially apologize and will recover the loss, and assure the incident
will not repeat.
Poll on 9 years of Reformation in Indonesia. The poll held
by a national circulation newspapers by 875 respondents in 10 big cities
in Indonesia, shows that, generally people are not satisfied with the
government’s achievement in economy (81,3%), social welfare (77,4%), but
less in law (73,7%) and politics/security (69,9%). Answers to the
questions in various issues also shows high degree in unsatisfactory
results, where people still believe Soeharto’s influence in national
politics (87,4%), unsolved corruption by conglomerates (82,7%), May 1998
case trials (90,1%), and high living cost - particularly after the oil
increase in 2005 (93,1%). Generally, people also felt that increase
price for living are getting worst (57,4%) and people have less access
to jobs and businesses (50,2%). These are in contrast to good result of
satisfactory in freedom of expressions (49%) and freedom in politics
(49,3%). Of the six agenda of reformation, only one not yet achieved,
that is the trial of the Soeharto Families for corruption, though most
are satisfied in the other 5 agenda of the supremacy of law, KKN
extermination, amendment of constitution, regional autonomy and the
Defense Agreement of Indonesia - Singapore. Following
the Extradition Agreement to return Indonesia' asset stole by
Indonesian Chinese Businessmen to Singapore at the amount of USD
75 billion in 1997 (according to Merryl Linch), Singapore now
agree to sign a defense agreement, where both countries will
start a cooperation in defense trainings. Singapore may use a
small territory of Indonesia for its air force trainings, while
Indonesia have the full access to Singapore's military war
crafts and Singapore airspace.
Reshuffle of 68 Indonesian State Enterprises. Following
the Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono' administration reshuffle earlier
this month, the new minister for State Enterprises Sofyan Djalil,
promised to regenerate state enterprises through appointment of
new board of directors and commissioners, directed by the Law
19/2003 and PP 45/2005. Currently, 12 State Enterprises are
administered by caretakers, where a number of directors
Indonesia-China Trade will Reach USD 30 Billion in 2010.
According to the Indonesian Chamber of Trade and Industry, both
countries trade and investments growth reached 18,6 % annually
(2001-2006), where mostly are in oil and gas and infrastructure.
Major export from Indonesia are chemical products, wood
products, pulp and papers, fertilizer and rubber. From China,
Indonesia imported iron and steel, spare parts, motorcycle,
electronics, data processor and fruits. China has become the
fifth export market from Indonesia with volume totaling USD 19,6
billion in 2006. China's investment in Indonesia in 84 projects
with value of USD 205 million, are at the 8th position after
Singapore, Britain, Japan, Malaysia, Canada, Australia and the
Indonesia Gained 185 Votes from 190 UN Members in the UN
Human Rigths Council (UN HRC). The votes are to support
Indonesia's second term membership in the UN HRC. The other 14
India, the Philippines, Qatar,
Bolivia, Nicaragua, Egypt, Angola, South Africa, Madagascar, the
Netherland, and Slovenia,
will serve for the period of 2007-2010, starting 20 June 2007.
Indonesia - Singapore Concluded the Extradition Agreement.
The signing venue in Bali, Indonesia, last 27 April 2007, covers
31 model of crimes, mostly crime in economy, including
extradition of corruptors and the return of its assets in
Singapore. The agreement applies retroactivity principles for 15
years (or crime since 1992), and Indonesian nationality
principle when the crime occurred. Singapore (was called 'Temasek'
in the past, a famous place where pirates hid) has the
international reputation for 'the heaven for corruptors and bank
criminals' and money laundering, mostly from Indonesia, by
Indonesian bureaucrats and Indonesian Chinese
The agreement however, still requires national legislation by
the signing parties, according to the Vienna Convention on the
Law of Treaties 1969.
New Presidential Regulation (PP) for Governor Report. The
obligatory PP no. 3 year 2007 stipulate the governors and local
governors to submit their performance reports periodically and upon
their termination of period to the central government, provincial house
of representatives and the community, through local newspapers and
electronic media. The community may respond and challenge for further
responsibilities of the report under the state administrative law,
criminal code and other related laws available to secure the governors
and all of its staff works correctly and to secure people's right.
Reformation of Tanjung Priok Port Authority Increased
additional Rp200 billion/month State Revenue. The new
so-called Office of Public Services for Port Custom and
Clearance now employed full Electronic Data Interchange where
contact between the on-site users and the data officers at the
port are maintained, electronically. The new system is
effective and efficient, cutting-off smuggling, false data,
fraud and collusion. Previous 1,300 employees were replaced and
848 new well-trained, educated and professional staffs are
securely recruited from all over Indonesia. The new system will
officially take place on 1 July 2007, where the state revenue is
expected higher than it is now.
A number of ex-Government Senior Officials Stand for
Trials for Corruption Cases. The ex-Minister of
Sea and Fisheries is ruled for 6 years imprisonment for gratification subject to article 65 paragraph 1 Criminal Code.
In a different corruption case, the ex-Chief for Land Office
ruled for 3 years, while in the case of fingerscan project, the
ex-Director General of Department of Law and Human Rights
is charged for 20 years imprisonment under article 2 paragraph 1
and article 18 law 20/2001 of Corruption Law. The ex-Indonesian
Ambassador for Malaysia is arrested for corruption charges,
including recently under investigation of ex-Chairman of BBD
State Bank, chairman of Bukopin state Bank, Director of
Operational of State Logistic and ex-Chairman of State Clove
Authority. Other 15 Majors and member of Provincial
Representative also stand for trial for corruptions. Most of the cases occurred between 1992 to 2003.
Indonesia - Japan Finalized Economic Partnership Agreement
(EPA). The Discussion Record was signed in Tokyo on 22
June 2007, official agreement is expected to be signed in August
by both Presidents. Indonesia will play the role for production
centre not only for Japan market, but also the region through
establishment of Manufacturing Industrial Development Center for
the component manufacturing for automotive, electronic and
engines to meet Japan' standards. Zero percent tariffs applied
to 91% of Indonesian export to Japan, where in turn Indonesia
reduce them at 30%. In labor issues, internship of 3-4 years in
Japan will be open for hospitality industries. The trade between
Japan-Indonesia in 2006 reached USD 12,2 billion for oil & gas
to Japan, where in turn USD5,4 billion for non-oil and gas to
Malaysia come to Agree on Migrant Workers new Employment
Terms. Following strong international critism and its
reputation for Human Trafficking and Violation, Malaysian
officials come to Jakarta to agree Indonesia's new terms to
protect better Indonesian migrant workers in Malaysia.
Indonesian embassy in Kuala Lumpur has now a number of lawyers
to increase their legal position in anticipating common abuses
by Malaysian employers. Recently, a phenomenal picture in a
number of international newspapers shows an Indonesian domestic
workers in Malaysia, Ceriyati, stucked at the outside at level
12 building apartment for attempt to escape after receiving
several physical abuses by the employer, Ivone Siew, a mistress.
compelled to work 20 hours a day, one day feed and unpaid for 4
months. Ivone Siew and husband, now faces criminal charges. Last
April, also two Indonesian domestic workers in Long Island , New
York, the US, escaped for the same reasons. They were employed
by an American family, Varsha Mahender Sabhani and Mahender
for two years, compelled to work for 21 hours a day, unpaid, and
abused. The couple now facing serious criminal charges.
Malaysia on top of the list for Human Trafficking and
Abuse. The release by the US Secretary Office is
based on the worst protection by Malaysia as a host state
against migrant workers, where sanction may be imposed towards
the Malaysian government. Recently, migrant workers from
Bangladesh and Indonesia were found dead caused by violation and
abusive treatment by the employers. Malaysians are also repute
for not paying migrant workers for months. Big numbers of
migrant workers were also arrested without trial and their
personal belongings seized by RELA, a controversial Malaysian
anti-migrant organization with 500.000 volunteers. Cases causing
death of migrant workers involving member of the Malaysian Royal
family never been resolved. Malaysian authorities declined the
facts. According to the report, other 16 countries on the list
includes Bahrain, Oman and Qatar.
Timor Leste President visited Indonesia. Ramos
Horta, the direct-elected president meets President of Indonesia
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono in Jakarta, expects to increase economy
relation since Indonesia are the main importer into Timor Leste
market, through reducing border problems between two countries.
Ramos Horta also planning to establish Bahasa Indonesia Faculty
in Timor Leste, where Bahasa Indonesia serve as one of the
official language in Timor Leste.
New President Instruction number 6
year 2007. The regulation called 'the Policy on
the Acceleration of Real Sectors and the Empowerment of Micro
Small and Medium Enterprises', aimed at to increase growth and
reduce unemployment and poverty. Of 141 guidance for direct
actions, over 60 will be handled by the Finance Ministers. The
expected to reach 6,3% growth this year, following 6% growth the
first quarter of 2007.
Indonesian Governor of Jakarta Sutiyoso, called to testify
for Coroner Inquest Balibo 1975 Trial in Sydney.
The delivery of the court summon by the NSW Policemen however,
immunity attached to envoy Sutiyoso under the
Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations
1963, where Australia ratified. The incident was the trespassing
of two policemen of NSW into Sutiyoso' room 3107 at the
Shangri-la Hotel in Sydney in 29 May 2007, during his official
invitation by the NSW government of Australia. The police insist
they conduct the work as requested by the court. The incident
was triggered by a number of Australian NGO opposing the East
Timor integration to Indonesia in 1975, causing the death of 5
Australian journalists during gunfire. Australian Ambassador
Bill Farmer and NSW Premiere has delivered its official
apology at Sutiyoso' office in Jakarta.
In 2003 Australian security over
reactively search-through the Indonesian Minister of Human
Rights at the building entrance before the meeting with the
Australian General Attorney. He then prompted return to Jakarta. In 2002, the same incident happen to
a Malaysian Trade Minister where dogs were used to search.
In 2005, Australian Government granted visas to 42 Indonesians
from West Papua disobeying international common practice,
triggering tension between both countries and causing the
withdrawal of the Indonesian Ambassador in Canberra. In 2006, an
inhuman cartoon about the Indonesian President, as part of retaliation was published by the
Weekend Australia newspapers. Earlier in October 2002, ASIO and
AFP searched houses of a number of Indonesians in Sydney,
Melbourne and Perth, but no evidence was found in the name of
counter terrorism. The above shows series of the way a number of
Australian people and government treated its neighbors.
Indonesian Competiton Committee Found Breach by Temasek.
The initial investigation held by the Indonesian Anti
Competition Committee found, the article 27 Law 5/1999 was
breached through the ownership by Temasek as one entity in two
equal business in the same area in Indonesia, that is the
cellular providers Telkomsel (35%) and Indosat (42%). Temasek
then set out high price for cellular air time, leaving consumers
with no option. ----
59 local regulation revoked.
The number is for the year 2007 out of the total 659
revoked since 2002. The figure was released by the Information
Desk of the Department of Domestic Affairs. Most of the revoked
are local and provincial regulation of levies and taxes-
related, which falls into 4 categories of Budget for Income and
Expense for Local Government, local tax, local levies and
spatial/territorial management. The above regulations by law are
in contrary to President' Regulation number 80 year 2003 and are
untraceable/ corrupted by local government officers.
Indonesia to stop importing food and medicine originating from
China. The release by the Indonesian Food and Drugs
Inspections Body (Badan POM), found that 7 candies brands and 1
toothpaste products contains human-hazardous chemical substance.
Formalin in candy and diethylene glycol in toothpaste are two
dangerous ingredients contained withn the products, may cause
health fatality and death. The director of Food Certification
and Inspection of POM strongly urge the authorities to withdraw
the products from market.
Minister of Trade Fight against Foreign Illegal IPR Registrars. The plan was established by the
minister of trade, following a number of illegal claims of
patents by illegal foreign registers of a number of products.
The products has been known bearing special, geographical and
cultural characteristics of places in Indonesia, covering foods,
clothing, wood products and various cultural products. Singapore
(wood crafts) and Malaysia (for batik) are those on top of the
list who are confidently claim such illegal rights. However,
Japan government has dismissed a number of registered products
known to be bearing Indonesian characteristics.
Public Officer must Increase Comprehension on Human Rigths.
The release by Minister of Law and Human Rights research
shows, that the Indonesian public officers need to improve the
comprehension on Human rights, those in particular deals with
the implementation of people' rights in civil, social, politics
and economy. Indonesia has established 426 National Action on
Human Rights plan all over Indonesia during 2004-2009, where 423
government officers has been trained for human rights in
Australia, Sweden, Norway, Canada, South Africa and France.
Unfortunately, still a big numbers, policemen in particular, has
no knowledge in human rights. This is respond to strong public
criticism on the conduct of the arrest a number of persons.
Recent research shows that, police institution are those on the
lowest rank in passing grade among other government
institutions. As a result, a big number of policemen
stands for criminal trials and imprisoned under the civil law
for unprofessional conduct and abuses.
400 public officers dismissed.
The numbers are those dismissed within the last 2 years,
after following a number of procedures, where they were
identified being indicipline, incompetent, involved in drug and
other improper conduct. The report released by the Minister of
State Officer Empowerment. Recently, also 60 District Attorneys
received sanctions for unprofessional conduct, involved in court
mafia and gratification.
35 of 75 Indonesian General Attorneys prepared for the hunt of
Corruptors Asset in Singapore and Australia. The initial
team of 35 prominent Public Attorneys at the General Attorneys
office will settle 3 major corruption case of Bank Liquidity
Support from the Central Bank (BLBI) in 1997, where each case
has caused state loss at least USD 1,2 billion. The corruptors
are a number fugitive of Indonesian bankers who now stay
and live in Singapore and Australia, where they invest in
premium apartments and hotels, and shopping malls in Singapore,
Melbourne and Sydney. The Indonesian General Attorney, Hendarman
expects other 5 BLBI corruptors will be settled by other 75
prominent public attorneys recruited from all over Indonesia.
The team member will soon be announced. Those 8
Indonesian-Chinese corruptors are Atang Latief, Agus Anwar,
Ulung Bursa, Lidia Muchtar, Omar Putirai, James Sujono Januardy,
48 Sectors are Open to Domestic Investment.
The Indonesian Government has decided those sectors must be 100%
owned by Indonesians, where nominee scheme are not allowed and
become null and void accordingly. The said new regulation of
President' Decision are number 76/2007 and 77/2007, were just
released early this month.
Reformation of System at the Indonesian Anti Dumping
Committee (KADI). The reformation will cover the system
and the Government Regulation 34 year 1996 on Anti Dumping Duty
and Safeguards. This is in respond to entrepreneurs' and
domestic industries' request for KADI to be more protective and
proactive in response to the dumped products of electronics,
steel and foods from various sources, mostly from China,
following its rejection from the market in the US and Europe.
The KADI consist by officers from the department of finance,
trade, industry and statistic. The reform will cover public
legal certainty during investigation, period of investigation,
parties' company secrecy, fairness, and in-depth knowledge. KADI promised the reform will be completed in
Note: Generally, the KADI should also reform
its human resources, where public knew only small number are
capable and reliable, those days. A notably criminal case
involving 8 KADI member are in 2003, where KADI' Secretary Ms.
Halida Miljani (now KADI Chairman) found its 8 members received
bribe from one of the party' lawyer in order to drop the case
under investigation. They accordingly were expelled after found
guilty proven by the Indonesian secret agents who tapped thier
office and home phones, fax, mobile phones, and bank accounts.
Foreign Investment Increased at 18.21%The above figure
from the Indonesian Coordination Board of Investment (BKPM) is for the
January-May 2007 period, which reached USD 3,7 billion of 401 projects.
In 2006 it reached only USD 3,13 billion of 377 projects, respectively.
In 2007 BKPM expects the investment will reach USD 19,79 billion.
Malaysian Prime Minister, Malaysian Chief Police and Malaysian Ambassador, Officially
Apologize. Following high tension, strong protest and
boycotts from Indonesians, the three high rank officers from
Malaysia apologized in writing and orally to the Indonesian
President, people of Indonesia and directly to the Indonesian victim
abused by Malaysian police.
Note: Only after its very recent prosperity of 25 million
population after 50 years of independence, Malaysians are drawn
to be overconfident. Malaysia' income per capita reached USD
12,000 in 2005, three times than Indonesia with 1/9 population (Indonesia: 227 millions), where oil is the only source. To some
Indonesians, Malaysian recent attitude is understand-able, to
allow Malaysians enjoying their very first prosperity and free
from Indonesia' political influences. Indonesia took lead in
ASEAN region in politics and security and growth since 1960' until
year 1997, where Indonesia enjoyed growth since 1970 marked
with the operation of Palapa satellite communication in 1976,
national construction of fly over and toll roads since 1977, national cars in 1978, national
and war devices and machines crafts manufacturing in 1980, and other tremendous
developments, where most Indonesian 40 state universities are full
with thousands of Malaysians studying engineering, medicine,
economics, politics, and
culture. Until now, Malaysia still employed a big numbers of
Indonesian to give lectures, involved in infrastructure
engineering and other social developments in Malaysia. The
Malaysian first civil aircraft manufacturing in year 2004 was
also established and led by Indonesians.
Again, an Indonesian Referee seriously injured by 4 Malaysian
Policemen. The referee Donald Luther Peter Kolobita, was
injured after being violated by 4 Malaysian Policemen during the
Asian Karate Competition in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.
Malaysia denied and refused to apologize. A number of previous violation against humanity by other Malaysians, also never been
resolved. The incident increased tension the between both
Note: In its 50 anniversary, Malaysia is awarded for top
list for human trafficking and abuses by the US Secretary
Office. Its independence, merely a gift by the British Imperium,
was celebrated in the absence of a number of Indonesian high
rank officials who
refused to attend the invitation. Malaysia, gain its confidence
under the Commonwealth, also reach its
economic and politic stability and growth, despite the
non-existence of freedom of speech, racial tensions, controlled
judicial bodies, virtual democracy and corruption and nepotism
by the member of Royal families and the bureaucrats, a worn-out
lesson which was adopted by Malaysians from Indonesia' past New
Order era of 32 years. During those years of 1970-2000, a big
number of Malaysian students and bureaucrats studied medicine, engineering, politics and
culture in Indonesia. Historically, Malaysia was part of the imperium of Indonesian kingdoms in year 900 to 1800, where most
of Indonesian root (from Java) now still existed forming the
majority population in Johor and Selangor, the most growing and
prosperous states in Malaysia.
Reform for Indonesian Migrant Workers Procedures.
The reform was based on the founding of 11 points of
offences, where the responsible departments are at Department of
Domestic Affairs (for illegal documents release), Department of
Foreign Affairs (for not protecting migrant workers) and
Department of Human Rights and Law (for immigration matters).
All 11 points of offences were found during the departure and
arrivals of migrant workers, such founding was based by
community reports and surveillances by KPK and department of
manpower, where illegal practices occurred and related to bribe,
authority abuse and blackmailing towards migrant workers by a
number of bureaucrats.
Poll of the Member of the Parliament' Performance.
The poll held in commemorating its 62 years of its rule in the
Indonesian lawmaking and politics. Since reformation 1998, the
parliament have undergone significant changes, where member are
more educated, younger, and with various background of
professions. The Parliament also empowered to take over the
control for lawmaking (77 new laws since 2004 for the member for
the period of 2004-2009). However, 78% (or 60 laws) of such laws
are under the initiative of the government instead by the member
of parliament. Respondents perceive that the law qualities
degrade since a number of laws (law 22/2004, 27/2004, 32/2004)
wholly annulled by the Constitution Court, with argument the
laws are in contrary to the constitution. Respondents also are
in view that parliament members are less able to control the
government (76,3%), less able to well-function (65,6%), less
able to respond to public needs (66,7%), less able to be the
forefront for national politic accelerator (64%), less able to
uphold human rights issues (71,5%), and only aware of its own
politic party representation (66,9%). In spite of the above,
member of parliaments' images are negative, since they always
being absent for hearings (70,4%), late to attend hearings
(68,4%), too many trips abroad (74,2%), critism-prove (69,2%).
In general, the positive image remain below 30% since they took
the seat in 2001. The poll by 822 -
1.379 respondents shall however, do not represent general
Australia Willing to Execute and Extradite two Indonesian
Fugitives. Both Indonesian Chinese fugitive bankers are
Eko Putranto (ex commissioner of Bank BHS) and Adrian Kiki
Irawan (ex Chairman of Bank Surya, who stole USD 175 million)
for the misuse of the BLBI - Indonesian Liquidity Support
Funds during the 1997 crisis. Earlier in 2002, another
Indonesian Chinese fugitive Hendra Rahardja (stole USD 200
million) has been reported dead by the High Court Australia,
which was doubtful since convincing evidences can not be
obtained. Australia, like Singapore, has become a heaven for a
number of BLBI criminals, where the illegal fund was invested in
various prestigious properties and prestigious buildings in
Sydney and Melbourne. Australia and Indonesia signed Extradition
Treaty, entered into force on
21 January 1995.
Judges and public Attorneys at the lowest for Obedience Rate.
This is in relation to the compulsory report of their personal
wealth according to the Indonesian Corruption Extermination Body
- KPK, where judges and public attorneys are those the lowest
(only 43,77% out of 20.991 staffs) after the government
officers, member of the parliament and state enterprises
executives, where the statistic obedience rate are 67,564% (out
of 61.809 staffs), 70,06% (out of 23.78 staffs) and 73,09% (out
of 7413 staffs), respectively.
Again, a Malaysian murdered an Indonesian worker in
Malaysia. The two couples, Goo Eng Keng and Chen Pei E who lives
in Selangor, murdered Kunarsih with medical status of abnormal death
for the reason of stealing milk and chocolate. Migrant Care Malaysia
found that she stole because for not being fed. Kunarsih who worked
since 11 April 2007, entered Malaysia through an illegal Employment
Agent HLZ, chaired by Kelly Lau. Malaysian government, especially
Malaysian Minister of Labor Fong Chan Ong
responded to the case of violation of human rights. In June 2007,
Malaysia has been awarded the top for Human Trafficking and Abuse by the
US Secretary Office. However, the Malaysian government and the Malaysian
court seems impotent to solve the problems.
Vice President' worries of government officer' glamourous
The statement was released to respond the National Technology
Gathering 2007 held by BPPT (Bureau for Technology Research and
Application). He critizesed BPPT' low performance instead of
high performance and result and benefit for the people according
to their tasks and duties to produce applicable technologies. He
also warned to refrain from requesting foreign consultants to do
their duties, an undermining statement of domestic capabilities.
A number of government office buildings are grandeur, built at
prestigious areas, supported with first class facilities and
glamour lifestyles funded by people' state and federal budgets
and taxes, which however in turn gives no significant result.
Vice president requested them to start a modest lifestyle,
humble and hardworking.
New Governor for Jakarta. The direct-elected candidates Fauzi
Bowo (and Priyanto for deputy) and its competitor Adang Darajatun (and
Dani for Deputy) runs for governor seat of Jakarta, with 3,2 million
voters out of 11 million inhabitant of Jakarta. The election held on 8
August, where initial result by Election Commission of Jakarta shows
that Fauzi gained 1,884 million votes (57,9%) and Adang-Dani gained
1,369 million votes (42,1%). Fauzi Bowo is supported by at least 40
politic parties and community organizations, while Adang is only
supported by one politic party, PKS - Partai Keadilan Sejahtera, a
relatively new political party. The calculation at 367 voting points was
held by 600 volunteers. The volunteers found no fraud during the
Ex ministers accused for Corruption.
Laksamana Sukardi (ex minister of State Enterprises) was
called for investigation sessions at the General Attorney' Office for
corruption accusation causing state loss of USD 56 millions, Rokhmin
Damhuri (ex minister of Sea and Fisheries) charged for 7 year
imprisonment, Glenn M Yusuf (ex Chairman of IBRA) and other ex chairman
has been called for series of investigation at the General Attorney'
Office for BLBI-related cases of Rp 35 trillion (USD 4 billion) and Rp
37 trillion (USD 4,1 billion) state liquidity funds in 1997-1998. Ex DG
of Law and Human Rights was also investigated by KPK for corruption and
gratification. A big number of other high rank officers are also under
investigations. Lately, AR Soehoed (87 years), ex minister of Industries
and 3 others become corruption suspect for corruption during 1988-1998,
where a big state funds was used for personal/family expenses.
Indonesian Independent Candidate allowed in the Provincial
Governor Election. The judicial review released by the
Indonesian Constitution Court (Mahkamah Konstitusi - MK) is to
respond the request by pro democracy group, supported by Partai
Keadilan Sejahtera (PKS). The request is for the amendment of
the law 32 year 2004 by inserting independent candidates clause
during provincial election of a direct elected governor in
Indonesia. this breakthrough will empower civil rights and
democracy, where candidates may not only those from political
parties, but also independent person. The request shows, that
people of Indonesia are reluctant to support current candidates
from political parties but shall also aware for artificial
politicians in full democracy system. This judicial review marks
another pillar of democracy in Indonesia, the only most
democratic country in the region, an archipelagic country of
5,000 populated island with 240 millions of population and 580
The Indonesian Supreme Court Final Appeal Ruled Time Incorporated
and 6 journalist and correspondents to pay Tort for Defamation.
The final appeal rulings by the Indonesian Supreme Court number 3215/pdt/2001
publicly announced by the judge panels of three, where Time Incorporated
and 6 journalists and correspondents remain wrong for defamation against
the goodfaith of Soeharto, the former President of the Republic of
Indonesia. Time chairman Donald Morisson and other 6 journalists is
fined of Rp1 trillion (USD 9,9 billion) altogether, and must express in
writing an apology at national and international circulation media for
its misleading and defamation publication edition on 24 May 1999 volume
153 number 20. Time exposed the wealth of Soeharto and family of USD 15
billion, title 'How Indonesia's Longtime Boss Built a Family Fortune',
presented by 4 of Time Inc. journalists John Colmey, David Liebhold,
Lisa Rose Weaver, and 2 Indonesian correspondents Zamira Lubis and Jason
Tedjakesuma. This ruling turns out the previous two lower court rulings,
where the Supreme court make an approach of tort for defamation under
civil code as requested by Soeharto's lawyer, instead of other articles
of the civil code or the law on press and freedom speech, which the
defendant legally assumed. The basis for court rulings are on "the act
against the law through improper, insufficient and wrongful
Indonesian DVI - the Disaster Victim Identification, meets the Standard
Qualification of Developed Countries. The qualification meets
the standard adopted by Australia and England. The acknowledgement
was mentioned during the international formal meeting earlier,
emphasizing the good cooperation between the Indonesian police
forces and the department of health of the Republic Indonesia, where
one victim' identification may lead to other victims.
A number of High Rank Government Officers under Investigation for
Corruption. Indonesian ex-Minister of Manpower Fahmi Idris and
its director general are now detained for further investigation for
expatriates posting programm at 46 regencies in 2004 causing state fund loss of Rp
9,27 billion, while ex Minister of Law and Human Rights Yusril Ihza
Mahendra sit as a witness for corruption of fingerprints government project causing
state fund loss of Rp 18 billion. Ex-Indonesian Chief of Army Forces returned
an expensive house from an Indonesian Chinese businessmen Henry Leo in a
corruption of state budgets of Rp 410 billion. In a BLBI case, Kwik
Kian Gie, Bambang Subianto (both ex minister of Finance) and Syafrudin
Temenggung (ex Chairman of IBRA) are now under serious
investigation for corruption for releasing policies to assist banks
during the financial crash 1997, causing a great financial loss.
7 Chief of District Attorneys, Dismissed. The dismissal by
the Indonesian General Attorneys' order was based on the community
reports for their misbehave, unprofessional conduct and breaching the
law 30/1980 of Government Officer Conducts. The 7 persons will then face
the Public Attorneys Commission for further indiciplinary sanctions.
Indonesian New Foreign
Investment Law 25/2007 under challenge for Annulment. The
Indonesian Constitution Court received an application to annul the law
on the ground that the articles are in contrary to the article 33 of the
Indonesian Constitution. The particular articles are article 4 paragraph
2 and 21, stipulating equal treatment between domestic and foreign
investors which is perceived unfair. Further the applicant parties
argued, domestic investors also do not have the access for special
treatment in land titles, immigration issues and import licenses.
Therefore, the investment law
25/2007 substantially do not protect domestic investors in real sectors
and peasants for land rights. The request are from the YLBHI, PBHI and NGOs.
Indonesia and Russia Concluded Set of Mutual Cooperation
Agreements. The 8 sectors of cooperation in sport, energy,
mining (USD 4 billion), infrastructure, telecommunication, aviation and
defense are expected soon to increase Russia' investment from USD 600
million to USD 1 billion. The signing by both Presidents took place in
Jakarta during the official state visit of the President of the
Federation of Russia Vladimir Putin, early this month.
Legal Notes: Indonesia has become a potential country in
the region to develop war crafts since the availability of technologies
and human resources since 1980, such as PT INTI (telecommunication), PT
PAL (shipyard, PT PINDAD (war devices and machines) and PT Nurtanio (aircraft).
Constitution Court Rejected the request on Death Penalty Review.
The panel of
judges of 9, on 30 October ruled the rejection to review the substance
and to annul a number of articles on death penalty. The Court ruling are
on the ground the law of death penalty under the Narcotic Law 22/1997 do not
necessary in contrary to the Indonesian Constitution. Death penalty is
considered still applicable under the Indonesian law. The applicant are
5 of Australian Bali Nine facing death penalty for drug possessions in
note: Bali has long become the heaven for Australians'
destination for holiday, business or other purposes. Like most other
tourist destinations, in spite of the benefit tourism business, locals
are aware of the potential threat of cultural differences, crimes and
moral hazards brought by foreign tourists. Balinese, like many other
Indonesians, are tolerable. However, crimes are an exception, where many
tourist are not aware of the existence of the national law and adat law
(Balinese customary law). The Australian Government should from time to
time to remind their nationals to be more aware, behave, obey the local
laws and Indonesian laws during their stay in Indonesia.
of Singapore Violated Anti-Monopoly Regulations. The findings
released by the Indonesian Fair Competition Supervisory Committee ('KPPU')
found that its cross ownership of two cellular providers in Indonesia
caused customers loss of Rp 35 trillion between 2003-2006. Temasek, a
Government Singapore owned company through its subsidiary company STT,
purchased 41.9% share in Indosat and 35% in Telkomsel, both Indonesian
major cellular providers. Through share ownership, it allows
nomination rights for the boards of
directors and commissioners as well as setting policy direction. At
Telkomsel, it has passive control (the right to veto decisions made at
general meetings of shareholders), while at Indosat it has active
control. Such cross-ownership structure indicates the market domination
and industry concentration by Telkomsel, while Indosat’s competitiveness
has become weakened. The structure also rules over Indonesia’s cellular
services business, whereas it indirectly controls more than 80 percent
of cellphone users of total 63.8 million customers, it controls 56
percent market share through Telkomsel and 26 percent through Indosat.
The KPPU' 5 months and 113 pages of investigation was initially
requested by the Labor Union of State-owned Company, but withdrawn.
However, the investigation continued under the ground of public
purposes and urgency.
Food Day, 16 October 2007. The event reminds Indonesians that
since 1998, following the 1994 WTO trade liberalization, Indonesia turn
to be a net importer of foods as a result of import surges, such as beef
(85% import surge in 2000), rice (84% in 1998), corn (72% in 2000), and
sugar (50% in 1999) and chicken (121% import surge in 1999). The volume
of import for 10 food products in 1996-2005 shows significant increase
reaching USD 1.6 billion, annually. These are as a result of
agricultural subsidies by developed countries to its farmer, such as 80%
by OECD, protection at 34% by the European Union, South Korea (73%),
Norway (66%), Japan (64%). Protection and subsidies are the keywords for
developed countries to maintain transnational companies - TNC control
over the world's food supply. Products protected varied from rice
(5.43), sugar (2.04) and milk (1.85). It means, the price are dumped, an
unfair trade practices under the WTO rules. TNCs took control of 16 food
products around the world, a limited type of wheat, rice, corn and nuts,
instead of maintaining other foods grows in a number of developing
Indonesia Awarded Democracy Medal by the International Association of
Political Consultant - IAPC. The award decided by the IAPC was
on the basis that Indonesia' success in establishing democracy values
recently, during the 2004 General Election in particular, where election
was successfully held in peace. President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono on
behalf of the people of Indonesian will receive the award during the 40
IAPC World Conference in Nusa Dua, Bali, 12-14 November 2007. Two years
ago, the IAPC Democracy Medal were awarded to the President of Republic
of Ukraine and President of the Republic of Checz.
Indonesian Corruptor Returned Corrupted Rp 25 billion (USD 3 million)
State Fund. The fund was part of the court ruling in a
corruption case against Mr Liem in late 2006, where Mr. Liem was
involved for corruption and collusion in a release of two pieces of
government lands under the proprietary of a State Enterprise, PT
Industri Sandang Nusantara (ISN) in Cipadung, West Java. The Supreme
Court sentenced him 4 years in jail, plus Rp 1 billion (USD 112,000)
fine, together with the President Director of ISN, Kuntjoro Hendartono
with 10 years in jail plus Rp 1 billion fine and Rp25 billion compulsory
to return the state fund.
Identified on Indonesian Drugs Industries. A new presidential
regulation drafted to allow the government and judicial officers to
proceed the business and exterminate the cartel and drugs businesses.
Minister of Health Siti Fadillah Supari also stresses out that, the
findings by a number of research institutes shows, the current drugs
businesses created high price of drugs reaching 5 to 200% from the
original price distorted by at least 8 points of distributions
(factories, wholesalers, retailers, selling point, outlets, and
consumers). The cartel involves 5 major drug factories, 200 small and
medium size drugs factories, 1,500 distributors, 6,500 pharmacies, 3,000
drug stores, thousands of hospitals and clinics. The enormous profit hit
the consumers badly, the poor in particular. The results to avail them
to buy, the research also shows that 77% out of 257 respondents buy
imitated drugs, where such 40% imitated drug are supplied at 600 drug
in the Eye of Indonesians.
The signing of ASEAN Charter on the 13th ASEAN Summit
conference in Singapore on 20 November 2007, become a milestone of ASEAN
for a new beginning of the establishment of a better-managed
organization. ASEAN charter will serve as a guidance of interest by
ASEAN member countries though the poll shows low expectation of the
ability of ASEAN to materialize the Charter. Respondents also perceive a
pessimistic attitude over the ability of ASEAN to support a clean
government of member countries (69.4%) and to ensure to uphold the law
(53.6%). The majority (as mush as 78.3%) are confident that social and
culture sector is more likely to be materialized. Positives appreciation
is shown by 76.2% respondents in the ASEAN' ability to support the
security in the south east region. Meanwhile, 69.9% respondents are
optimistic the ability of ASEAN to establish an ASEAN economic community
(AEC) 2015. More than 47.2% in contrary to 48,5% of respondents think
that ASEAN has yet not succeeded in showing their role to make the
region a new economic power. The role of ASEAN in supporting
democratization process is also negative, Myanmar issue in particular,
where 38.5% perceive ASEAN plays a minimum part in the dispute. 58.3%
believed ASEAN also plays a minimum role in dealing with disputes
borders. 62.7% respondents stated that ASEAN as an organization doesn’t
give much help in combating women and child trafficking in the region.
poll was held by
an Indonesian national circulation newspapers with 839 respondents over
17 years old in 10 big cities in Indonesia.
Indonesia' Shipbuilding rank 21 of
22 Major Shipbuilding in the World. The rank made by a number of
world' maritime magazines recently, are based on the Indonesia PT PAL'
(PT Pelabuhan dan Angkutan Laut - Sea Transport and Ports, a State
Enterprise) capacity in human resources and facilities ratings.
Signed in Singapore on 20 November 2007.The ASEAN charter was established by High Level Task
Force on the Drafting of the ASEAN Charter (HLTF), a mandate by the
ASEAN through the “Cebu Declaration on the Blue Print of the ASEAN
Charter”, signed in the Phillipine on 13 January 2007. Indonesia
was represented by the Indonesian Director General for ASEAN Cooperation
of the Indonesian Department of Foreign Affairs, Mr. Dian Triansyah
ASEAN Charter consist of a Preamble,
13 Sections and 55 Articles, which are the General Principles,
declaration and general agreement, legal
personality, rights and duties of member states, organizational
structure and function, decision-making and procedures, peaceful dispute
settlement mechanism, budgeting and finance, procedure and
administration, identity symbols, external relations, and general
provisions. Indonesia has successfully shown its leadership in the
insertion of democracy principles, good governance, human rights
protections, regional defense, sustainable development, peaceful meaning
of dispute settlement and the establishment of ASEAN Human Rights
Poll on Military Service. The Indonesian Department of
Defense' plan to introduce new law on civil service under the strategic
component reserve attract positive responses of 69,5% support by
respondents at 10 big cities in Indoneisa, recently. Respondents grounds
are their full awareness on potential threat toward Indonesia as a
nation, which is remain high (58,6%), threat from its neighbor in
particular (60%). Though 65% relied the national defense on Indonesia
military, in turn they are doubtful on the quality of war machines
(59,6%) and its personnel (55%). An optimistic figure of 42,9% civilians
are ready to join the service, though 50,2% are not. Interestingly,
Papua (31,6%) rank the highest in percentage to join when civil
mobilization is required in the event of state defense of emergency,
followed by Surabaya, Jakarta, Makassar and Padang (14,5%, 13,2%, 12,5%
and 11,5% respectively). Indonesian military and police are those on top
to support the new law (85,7%), followed by government officers (77,4%),
private individuals and businessmen (each 69,8%) and students (66,4%).
The poll was held by a national circulation newspaper with 850
respondents at 10 major cities in Indonesia.
Indonesian Constitution Court Reject to Review article 29(d) Law
30/2002. The individual citizen applicant, argued the article
29(d) is in contrary to article 28(D) paragraph 3 and article 28H
paragraph 2, article 28I paragraph 5 and article 28J paragraph 1 of the
Indonesian Constitution 1945 on the ground of discrimination for
ordinary people' access to become chairman of the Indonesian Anti
Corruption Committee (KPK). The law request a minimum academic grade of
a university degree to sit as chairman of KPK. The judges argued the
limitation of education degree for the chairman of Corruption Committee
in law 38/2002 do not necessary in contrary to the Constitution, and is
not discriminate on the basis is of the Human Rights Law 39/1999 article
President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono calls Indonesian to National Heroes Day rememberance.
The speech addressed during the National Heroes Day 10 November 2007 in
Surabaya, East Java.
Ex Minister of Agriculture investigated for Bribe by Monsanto.
The case was based on the facts that Mansanto Company alleged for
bribing a number of Indonesian high officials in order to a limited
release of controversial transgenic products to Indonesian farmers in
2003. The transfer of bribe was amounted at US 700,000.
New Draft of Law of Defence Strategic Component. The new
law is part of the Military Training and Education Law, a nation-wide
compulsory military services for at least 200.000 Indonesian civilians at the age
between 18 to 45. Individuals and/or groups, professionals, academics,
are the target to be deployed at all time during the state of emergency
or war time. The parliament's draft approval is expected, soon.
Additional subsidiary law for special training and military education
for limited numbers of civilians will be also be implemented.
Police is the Most Corrupt Institution. Following the findings
by the International Human Rights Commission (IHRC), where the
Indonesian Police Institution is on top of human rights violation, now
the International Transparency (TI) has its another findings. The score
for Indonesia police is the highest of 4,2, compared to the Indonesian
parliament and judicial body and political parties (4,1 and 4,0
respectively). The key finding factors in Indonesia in 3 years in
row 2005-2007, found the scores are
4,0-4,2-4,2 (police), 4,0-4,2-4,1 (parliament and judiciary) and
4,2-4,1-4,0 (political parties). The identified problems is of
perception, where most people think corruption is defined only for state
loss, far from the legal definition covering also bribe, authority
misconduct, gifts, a promise to give, and others under the Indonesian
Corruption Law. In respect to the corruption extermination by 6
independent and government institutions, the Indonesian Vice President
Jusuf Kalla recently also shows his confusion of how confident Indonesia
corruptors these days until found guilty by the court and imprisoned.
The poll held in Indonesia with 1,010 respondents in big cities in
Indonesia , out of 63,199 respondents at 60 countries held by TI.
New KPK Chairman and Deputies, Took Oath. The new chairman
Antasari Azhar and other 4 deputies Chandra M Hamzah, Bibid Samad Rianto,
Haryono and Mochammad Jasin inaugurated under the President' Decision
Number 117/P/2007. The phenomenal predecessors are Chairman
Taufiqurachman Ruki, and its 4 deputies Amiens Sunaryadi, Tumpak
Hatorangan Panggabean, Sjahrudin Rasul and Erry Riyana Hardjapamekas who
took the seat since 2002. The new composition passed the House on 5
December 2007 through tough decision by Commission III, to sit for the
period of 2007-2011. Antasari Azhar previously sit as Director at the
General Attorney' Office, Chandra was an advocate, Bibit was a police
retiree who now a rector of a police university of Bhayangkari, Haryono
was staff at BPKP (National Development and Financial Supervisory Body)
and M Jasin himself was KPK' Research and Development Director.
Indonesia-Italy Cooperation in Building Corvette Ships. The
cooperation covers the initial building of two corvette worth 400
Million Euro to be built in PT PAL shipyard in Surabaya. The Italian
company Orizzonte Sistem Navali will also involve an Indonesia
electronic state enterprise based in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia,
where transfer of technology and design copy rights will then be under
the proprietary of Indonesia. The corvettes will be utilized by the
Indonesian Private business Partners under Criminal Investigations
and Trials. The Indonesian General Attorneys' Office currently
calls an Indonesian businessmen for investigation over a Liquidity Bank
Support (BLBI) case involving Rp35 trillion debt in May 1998, such
amount then increased to Rp 52,7 trillion in September 1998 bear by the
shareholders. Unfortunately the surrendered asset value was only Rp 27
trillion after valuation by the IBRA, a big difference valued by Lehman
Brothers who value it at Rp52,6 trillion. In a separate bribe case of
fire brigade utilization, a bureaucrat in Makassar is charged for
corruption, where he was found for blackmailing the business partner. In
another case of bribe to number Indonesian bureaucrats by PT Monagro
Kimia (subsidiary of Monsanto Company in the US), the president director
of PT Monagro Kimia, Gyanendra Shukla (an India national) attended
interrogation process at the General Attorneys' office.