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Indonesia Law Update:
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2015 to 2011

[ 2 0 1 5 ]

[July 2015]

Urgency to a Limited Revision of the Indonesian Internet Law 11 year 2008. The revision is in urgency to avoid from wide interpretation by the law enforcer namely the police in handling argument over the internet by persons, particularly articherle 27 paragraph 3. This article is in conjuction to the Indonesia Criminal Code, where the law enforcers are much in favor to penalize and criminalize report of an unsettled argument over the internet by netizens, especially to those public servants as one part who feel being disgraced in public. The law enforcer then treated the report as a personal disgrace that lead to crime, while article 27 paragraph are in the contrary side of the meaning. Statistically this in fact occurred since its inception 7 years ago with 74 criminal cases and in 2014 only there are 39 cases, composing 53% out of the total 74 case only. It means there are 4 cases monthly, where 92% are on attack of personal good faith with 37% reported by public servants mostly on the unveiling of improper public services. The Ministry of communications said there is a need of an extra and prudent treatment towards article 27 paragraph 3, instead of a short cut to apply criminal code. In lieu to that the Supreme Court has its release of jurisprudence where a critic of public service and unveiling for public purposes shall not be treated as an attack but merely a social control and internal self control through Supreme Court Decision number MA 412K/PID/2010 and MA 519 K/PID/2011.

[March 2015]

Poll: Ideal Sentences for Corruptors. The poll was held by a national circulation paper in Indonesia on 18 to 20 March 2015 with 736 respondents over 17 years at 12 big major cities in Indonesia. The poll emphasize more on current issue, namely of the controversial remission of sentences being proposed by the Indonesian Minister of Justice and Human Rights which 70% respondents are in disagreement (against 26.9%) as public understanding remain that corruption is an extraordinary crime whatsoever. Public are also become less tolerable and agree in a greater punishment towards corruptors, as shown in three different polls on 'Ideal Punishment' in December 2013, December 2014, and finally March 2015, where death sentence figure is at 20,9%-25,6%-22,7%, respectively. Other public expectation for sentences figure for the same above period are the idea of 'Imprisonment and improsperness' toward corruptors  (42.8%-45.4%-45.2%) and 'Lifetime lmprisonment' (23.3%- 22.0%-25,1%). The Poll also unveil public' satisfactory over court sentences where 89.6% are in the view the court still give no proper impunity senses, as to compare to those in contrary 7.7%. Performances of institutions responsible for corruption sentences are spread into satisfactory/unsatisfactory, namely KPK (49.3%/46,9%), Police (25,4%/70,4%), General Attorney Office (22,2%/74,0%), and finally Ministry of Justice (21,1%/73,9%). The same level of public satisfactory/ unsatisfactory are also drawn to court ruling of sentences towards corruptors at the Executive (24.5% /73.4%) , Member of Parliament (20.5%/76,8%), Lawman (21.3%/74,9%) and Private Persons (28.9%/63,3%. In relation to the latter, public is also in view that most corruption sentences cases are way too low (77,6%), with perception low is 1 to 4 years imprisonment, medium is 4-10 years, and (0,84%) represent high Sentence of 10 years imprisonment up to lifetime. Finally, public remain see KPK as the only hope of barrier for anti corruption extermination, KPK experience a decrease of appreciation following high tension turmoil Issue lately, from 49,2% to 46.9%. However, public become more aware and have better comprehension in corruption as an extraordinary crime, that evidence and proof of corruption are very hard to do and finally that corruption create a massive and negative impact towards public.

[February 2015]

Indonesian KPI received 1,805 community complains: 2014 Report. KPI Komisi Penyiaran Indonesia – the Indonesia Broadcasting Commission Report 2014 release, that complains are being made available of the KPI covers 8517 emails, 2379 text messages, 1649 twitter text messages, 1186 facebook comments and, finally 74 phone calls. In spite of complaints, KPI also received 1457 appreciations of TV programs broadcasted. TV Programs from private TV Stations most critizised is ‘YKS’ - live entertainment show with 4098 complaints, followed by ‘Khazanah’ - religious feature (1441), ‘Cahaya Hati’ - religious feature (525), ‘Pesbuker’ - entertainment live show (279) and ‘Seputar Indonesia’ - news (227). As a result, the KPI has warned the above TV Stations being responsible through warning, reminder, time reduction of the above TV program, and temporary or permanent TV program. Trans TV Station is on top for the sanctions with 26 sanctions, followed by RCTI (25), SCTV (25), ANTV (18), MNCTV (15). All are private owned TV stations. However, figures for complains are much higher than sanctions after a thorough investigation by KPI. Trans TV receive 4.936 complains, followed by SCTV (2.127), RCTI (2.033), Trans 7 (1.933) and ANTV (1.490). TV program being suspended are more on the violations covers from ‘breach of broadcasting ethics’, such as defamation, improper gesture, vulgar and coarse language. The Indonesia KPI also remain and has established cooperation with a number of strategic institution partners in determining the value and ethics of various of the above TV programs, such as MUI Majelis Ulama Indonesia - Indonesia Ulama Board, KPU Komisi Pemilihan Umum – the Indonesian General Election Body, Press institution, BNPP, the Menkopolkam – the Coordinating Minister of Law and Security and Politics, DPR - the Indonesian Parliament, and Menkominfo – the Indonesian Ministry of Information and Communication.

[January 2015]

2014: Supreme Court 18.926 cases, Constitution Court 1.044 cases. The release at the Media Center by Hatta Ali , the Chairman of the Mahkamah Agung Indonesia - Supreme Court, the highest court under the Indonesian legal system, shows that the MA reach its highest historical performance in 2014 ruling 14.415 cases, with leaving only 4.015 cases yet. The 2014 cases reaches 12,511 cases, plus 6,415 of the 2013 cases left, a very significant performance ever in the MA history. The above figure also explain 26,62% (of total 6,415) in year 2013 cases has been reduced and are still under judges portfolio to be soon settled. As a result, 2014 cases at the MA leaves only small cases to be settled the following year 2015, the lowest in the history of MA in the last decade. It was noted in early 2014, that MA was loaded with 20,000 cases since 2004. ‎In spite of its achievement, the MA Secretariat was also awarded for its achievement for creating basis for new regulation by the Ministry of Law and Human Rights' under the 'National Legal Documentation and Network Center' for MA' great works to develop and to maintain MA internal Legal Information Network. In tax area, MA also obtained a tax status as 'Normal Without Exception' for year 2013 from the Badan Pemeriksa Keuangan BPK - State Financial Investigation Body, where BPK perceive the MA has reach its qualification of highest accountancy standar and government financial report. Financially, the MA also prudnetially reach 97,15% of the current year budget spend for its annual activities. Another MA' achievement is also for services, where Religion (Islamic) Court‎ of Stabat in Sumatera awarded the ISO certificate 9001:2008 as a symbol for best court services, with international standard. The MA successfully establish, maintain and updated informational system at 350 courts all over Indonesia at 3 levels, being implemented with excellent synergy vertically and horizontally in structure. While MK - Constitution Court in 2014 handled 1044 cases with classification of 140 cases on bills material examination, 903 cases on elections and 1 case on dispute over state authority.


[ 2 0 1 4 ]

May 2014

Indonesia rank 10th in world GDP. The relate by the world bank figures taut Indonesia economy is in a very good shape, compared to the rest of the world, today. The Us remain in the first rank, followed, China, India, Japan, Germany, Russia, Brazil, France then great Britain. The rank also shows strong optimism in Indonesia economy players, with 6% growth in 2012-2013, and even better in the previous year 6,23%. Chime reached 7,75 percent the respective year. Malaysia sits on 5,3%, Singapura 1,55, Vietnam 4,4%, dan Thailand 2,6%.


[ 2 0 1 3 ]

May 2013

SBY World Stateman Award: 61.000 Churches in Indonesia. Indonesain President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono has been awarded as World Statement from the Appeal of Conscience Foundation, a spiritual basis organization in New York, the US. The president admitted there remain a number of homework in the domestic affirs in maintaining harmonious relationship between religion in Indoneisa. However, the government guantee that Indonesia will always the best place to worship peacefully in every spot around Indonesia. He also added, that currently Indoneisa has 255.000 masjid, 61,000 curches 13.000 Pura for Hindus, 2.000 temples for Budhist and more than 1.300 Confucius buildings to worship. It may be surprising that 61.000 curches in Indoneisa are no to compare the much smaller number of churches in Great Britain and German. Statistc shows that 85% of Indonesian populations are moslem.

June 2013

Poll: Pancasila remain as Ideology. The poll was held by a national circulation paper on 29 to 31 May 2013, one day prior to the birth of Pancasila, five pillars of ideological living guide for Indonesians. The Poll was held over the phone with 712 respondent over 17 years at 11 major cities in Indonesia. Respondents in majority of 97,8% claimed that Pancasila remain as the national ideology. In short, the implementation of Pancasila is shown, that most respondent are willing to and do not mind to live with their neighbor with different religion or tribe (91,7%). However, respondents sees that recent conflicts in unity is in threat, where 45% sees it is bad, 17% choose to remain bad, 20% choose it is still good, 11,5% sees it is proven and better in response to question, �compared to 5 years ago, do you see the community are in favor of nation interest above group interest?�. A brighter side of living in harmony remain in helping other people with different religion (over 75%), a value that is seen solid from to time in Indonesia.


INDONESIAN military rank world 15th. The release was officially announced by Global, where sits Indonesia in 15th out of 68 countries all over the world in military strength, where the US, Russia and China remain on the first top. Within such rank 15th, Indonesia�s power index is 0,76, with 438.410 active military personnel, 400 bullet proof vehicles, 444 airfighters, 187 military choppers, whilst Indonesian Marine sits on 150 power index with 139 various warships and USD5,2 million military budget. An Indonesian civil expert on military issues perceive this rank 15 is an exceleent achievement considering its limited budget, million numbers of population and wide geographical to reach. It is far beyond Singapore, with a total area of a small city or Malaysia with its limited are of waters. However, he admitted that Indonesian military forces remain need to work hard to provide a better war machines to reach its Minimum Essential Forces.

Indonesian Navy, a World Class.  The Angkatan Laut  Tentara Nasional Indonesia TNI AL - Indonesian Navy rank the world class navy due to its consistency of inward looking and outward looking to manage its human resources, education and trainings domestically and at foreign school, tour of duty, and strong capability basis to defend and to attack at any military threat. As for its military devices, the Indonesian Navy remain in its path to increase its military war ships, and other supporting machineries, as many of them have been designed, manufactured and build locally, such as for submarines, war ships, fregats, attack-ships, and artilleries. As for inward looking, Indonesian Navy remain in its concentration on land and sea borders adjacent to neighbours, small outermost islands, separatism, terrorism, natural disaster, illegal activities over the border and maritime security. For the outward looking, TNI AL  keep its deep analysis over the strategic regional development, especially within the are of Asia Pacific and anticipating actions towards any potential threat possible and its damages.

April 2013

Poll: Social Cohesion Mal-Intergrated. The poll was held by a national circulation newspaper between 3 to 5 April 2013 with 658 respondents over 17 years old randomly chosen from the updated Indonesian national phonebook. The poll emphasize more on the recent escalation of conflicts in the community identified socially as not as social disintegration, but correctly defined as social mal-integration as it is identified by numerous collective violent attacks by a group of people tied in one primordial status as an expression disagreement, dislike, and unjust treatment by other groups identified as competitors or outsiders.  The main cause of the above conflicts is economy gap, a statistic figure that has not changed yet since a poll held in September 2011 and November 2012 (89,1%). These collective rages increased since the introduction and the inception of the local autonomy law, through the law number 32 year 2004. The respondents are in the view that as a in spite of such local autonomy, local conflicts potentially are generally triggered by economy gap (28,1%), the existence of community organization with violent approach (14,9%), local election competition between candidates (10,3%), religion issue (6,1), competition between political party (5,6%), ethnic issues (4,6%), others (5,1%), abstain (15,0%) and do not know (10,3%). The two latter figures of total 25% shows, that many respondents are unaware or simply ignorant. In a different figure of the most causal of mis-integration categorized into �weak�, �stronger�, �stable� and �abstain�, the figure shows mostly answers it is getting weaker for local politic elite disintegration (50,3%), local ethnic sentiment (66,1%), religion conflict (74%), and economy gap between the rich and the poor (59,9%). It gets stronger for the same above issues figure is 29,8% - 24,5%, 21,6% and 34,7%, respectively. He figure for stable are 18,6%, 7,9%, 2,8% and 3,7%, respectively. The minority remaining are for abstain. Finally, respondents posed their view in its satisfactory and dissatisfactory over the government performance in various issues, namely to maintain peace in the community (35,9% -satisfied/61,1% dissatisfied), to maintain pluralism (42,4% - 54,7%), to maintain security (35,9% - 62,8%), to reduce potential conflicts (36,8% -59,1%), to settle conflicts (30,9% - 65,8%) and to take necessary action towards violence (28,9% - 67,5%).

March 2013

Indonesian economy in good shape: a Research.  The research by IPSOS, an independent market research shows that the Indonesian economy growth at the community level is good as identified by the domestic increase of consumption and a shift better way of life at 4 major cities Jakarta,  Medan, Bandung and Surabaya with 1046 respondents at the age of 15 to 64. IPSOS then suggest companies to response to the growth as the market opportunities widened and the demand is high. The research shows that in general 46% respondents are in agreement that their economy is better, as against 36% who are not and 18% declines to agree. 34% admitted a shift of a better lifestyle, 21% admitted their increase and frequent consumption of goods than before, 16% buy a higher class of a brand, 14% put additional items of consumption and 11% change to bigger portion of goods. However, 33% percent did not make not much savings than before. Cities who earned the highest increase are Jakarta (52%), followed by Surabaya (50%), Medan 46% then Bandung 26%. Respondents are those at the age between 15-24 (51%), 25-39 (50%), 40-54 (44%) and 55-64 (30%).

Policial Dynasty: Poll. The poll was held by a national circulation news paper with 749 respondents age over 17 years at 12 cities all over Indonesia shows that 60,2% respondents are in the view against political dynasty in Indonesia. However, the dynasty in politics is seen more in the context of local politics custom where voters are identified by the voluntarily to be bound by primordialism tie, such as vote for a local figure than non-local figure (58,4%), religion (59,4%), together with low economy, education particularly those who lives in the remote area with limited access of information. the Indonesia Ministry of Domestic Affairs identified 57 local incumbent majors currently are building their political dynasty, such as in Banten and East Java where member of the families become successor or leader at the adjacent area of the incumbent. Such nepotism by 62,7% repondents are seen in fact denies an objectives and substantive requirements of a leader such as capacity, integrity and leadership, and a result election is a mere political populous transaction rather than a real dynamic one. The poll further shows that 65,1% are in disagreement of political dynasty, 58,1% agree that dynasty has more negative impact and 60,2% perceive politics dynasty is improper.

February 2013

Poll: Presidential Instruction 2 year 2013. The said instruction emphasize on the national domestic security settlement where the military force is allowed to join the police force in combating and settlement of social conflicts and social cohesion and unity, through dialogues up to forces. The release of the instruction is based on recent unsettled and escalation of horizontal conflicts at some areas in Indonesia, where local government is unable to control. Generally, the poll shows public is in agreement with the said regulation, noting with only 3 out of 10 are in disagreement. As for response to public concern on conflicts, 82% respondents are concerned, 16% are not and 2% abstain. Unfortunately, the unsettled crisis tend to point the disability of the local government as shown by category of proper and improper efforts. Questions posed resulted in different areas: how local government prevent and maintain harmony between religions (46% said the government has done a proper job -46,5% for improper-7,5% abstain), prevent of potential conflict between religions (43,4%-46,3%-10,3%), and settlement of post conflicts (44,8% - 46,2% and 9,0%), respectively. It is also the central government who is pointed for the same qualification, to secure legal settlement post conflicts (22,4% proper - 68,7% improper - 7,3% abstain). On the contrary of the lesser, respondents shows their concern over the implementation of the said presidential regulation, as where security approach may be used (43,9% are worried - 50,8% not worried - 5,3% abstain), potential abuse of Human Rights (60,4% - 29,5% and 10,1%), abuse of laws for particular political interest (74,0% - 17,2% -8.8%), respectively. Finally, respondents are in agreement that the major factor of unsettled conflicts are due to the absence of a formal and informal leader figure to unite and reduce conflicts 70,1%, and intolerance of differences in the community (58,9%). The poll was held by an national circulation papers in 30january 2013 to 1 February 2013 at 12 big cities with 782 respondents over 17 years old with error sampling at +/-3,6%.

KPK Performance Increased: Poll. The poll was held a national circulation newspaper at 10 big cities all over Indonesia with 731 respondent age over 17 years during 13 to 15 February 2013. Recent arrests and blown up mega corruption cases involving chief of political parties and publiic officers has triggered public increase of satisfaction towards KPK performance. Statistic shows a subsequent rate of 46,0%-46,8%-71,7% and 77,8 are the figure of positive image for the each 5 monthly of November 2011-April 2012 - September 2012 and finally February 2013. The same figure were also for public overall satisfaction for KPK performance is 43,8% - 31,1% - 24,2% - 40,2% - 57,6%, respectively. However, there is also the downside of KPK in the eye of public perception at a number of cases such as the Hambalang Corruption Case, Cow Importation Corruption Case and other Mega corruption case, where the figure are significantly lesser than the above poll, which are categorized as unsatisfatory-satisfactory-and abstain for each is (60,3% - 34,1% - 5,6%), (50,5% - 42,3%-7,2%) and (63,6% - 33,4% - 3,0%), respectively. KPK' overall duties shows that corruption are likely to occur more at ministerial offices 18 out of 48 cases in 2012 only, where bribery rank the top with 34 cases out of 48 cases, and main intellectual actor involved mostly are those at the parliament and indiv�dual private entities with each 16 persons.


[October 2012]

Poll on Youth Attitude. The poll was held a Kompas national circulation newspaper on 21 to 24 October with 819 respondent ages of 17 years and over at most cities in Indonesia randomly chosen. The poll was released on the day of Sumpah Pemuda (Youth Oath � to Unite), a paramount historical moment in the history of Indonesian young republicans in the fight against the Dutch collonialism, in 1928. the youth hold a youth congress, discussion their nation future and set out a plan of fight but this time it is based on an oath called Sumpah Pemuda Integrating 3 main aims to unite Indonesia in only one land, one nation and one language. As time has lapsed, the poll in 2012 resulted in a great significant change than it was in 2011 and 2010. Generally 73 % youth are of the view that youngmen these days are more individual and caught in their own business rather than social-centrism. They also would rather listen and bound to their peer groups (39%) than to their parents (35%), as this figure is also supported by statistics of vandalism by gangster increase significantly from 128 in 2011 to 339 in 11 months of 2012 only. The increase needs of grouping for peer than social orientation has left far behind the option to join groups with ideology and nationhood vision. Indonesian youth today prefers to join organisation with a view of non social basis, rather than with ideology and politic issue for those who grew in the year of 1970 to 1990s (who are now at their age of 30 to late 40s). The law on Youth number 40 year 2/009 has set out the government be at the central and local office the authority to generate youth powers into sicial organization, but did not succeed so far.

[May 2012]

Poll on national awakening. The poll was held by Kompas, a national circulation newspaper research division at 12 cities in Indonesia with 869 respondents age over 17 years with 95% validity, in response to the Indonesia National Awakening on May 20. The day reminds Indonesians to the republican heroes of Indonesia in defending Indonesia as an ultimate and sovereign nation, marked by the establishment of Indische Partij by two Indonesians in fight against the Dutch colonialism in 1908. The said poll shows that most are in agreement the urgency need of a national awakening movement (33,1%) as supported by another 57,2%. this is in response to the bad social condition of the nation identified by high concern over extermination of corruption (16,5%), decrease value of Pancasila and unity (15,6%), weak leadership (13,8%), attack of globalization/liberalization (11,2%), capitalism of economy and gap (9,4%), radicalism and the decrease of tolerance (8.4%), weakness of legal system (5.5%), general politic situation (3,8%), and unemployment/poverty (1,1%). Respondents' perceive that there remain a condition recovery in 5 scales (better-remain good-remain bad-worst-abstain) for achievement in politics and democracy with a figure of 19,8%-21,4%-18,0%-35,6%-5,2%, law enforcement and corruption extermination with a figure of 17,6%-15,3%-25%-39%-3,1%, achievement in social and welfare with figure of 16,7%-29,2%-29,1%-22,4%-2,6%, and finally achievement in economy and unemployment elimination with figure of (10,6%-17,5%-25,9%-43,4%-2,6%).

Poll: Absence of A good man National Figure. The poll was published by Kompas, an Indonesian national circulation newspaper, held between 2-4 May 2012 with 757 respondents randomly chosen in 12 cities in Indonesia shows that a national good man figure is in absence in Indonesia currently, as to compare to the 1998 reformation era. 79,2% respondents agree the major cause is that current Indonesia political system prefers to the elites than the welfare of the people, therefore no single figure is currently acceptable (55%). The public then make a comparison of a perfect political leader to the Soeharto era , BJ Habibie and Abdurrahman Wahid to compromise with current figure Soesilo Bambang Yudhoyono which reach only 7,8% support. Four major question being addressed were responded differently with pessimism. As to compare to the Reformation era 1998, the responds are (1) remain good, (2) better, (3) remain bad, (4) worst and (5) abstain for politics situation figure is 12,3% - 11,8% - 22,6% - 48,5% and abstain 4,8%, and law situation figure is 9,6% - 12,05 - 26,7% - 48,5% - and 3,2%, economy figure is  19,9% - 17% - 23,5% - 38,8% - 1%, social figure is 22,3% - 19,4% - 26,4% - 29,9% - 2,0%, security figure is 21,3% - 16,5% - 22,3% - 39,1% - 08%, cultural figure is 36,3% - 29,2% - 11,9% - 18,8% - and 3,8% and finally for education the figure is 26,8% - 32,9% - 16,4% - 21,9% - and 2,0%. When asked for the major cause of this bad conditions, respondents agree that corruption attitude remain the highest (30,0%) followed by the absence of a good figure (29,6%), weak state practices (20,3%), social negligence (12,7%) and others (5,4%). The respondents are also pessimistic and distrust the reform with total distrust 46,2%, still in trust (28,8%), remain in hope of trsut (22,3%) and abstain 2,6%. When it comes to the comparisons of the previous figure of good, 33,9% IS FOR THE FRIST President Soekarno, Soeharto (14,1%), Abdurrahman Wahid (10,8%), Mohammad Hatta (6,5%), none (23,9%) and abstain 9,6%). The current figure of a good man are low, such as Soesilo Bambang Yudhoyono remain on top (7,8%), BJ Habibie (7,4%), Dahlan ISkan - Coordinating Minister of State Companies (6,%), Jusuf Kalla (4,1%), Megawati (4,1%), others (15,3%) and none of them all 55,1%. The poll was held in respond to the current situation, which however do not represent the national situation.

[May 2012]

Corruption after 14 years of Reformation. The Indonesian reformation in May 1998 marks a great leap toward a new Indonesia in terms of acceleration in democracy and economic growth, a success story in the region. However, the clean government do not accelerate in line, and reformation is seen merely as a political resultant instead culture, according to Busyro Muqqodas deputy of KPK the Indonesian Anti Corruption Committee. Most people perceive corruption grows and gets worst in the reformation era, where collusion and nepotism remain in the political system as proven by those who took the benefits are those within the inner circle of the elite politics, to sit in the executive, legislative and judicative bodies. While the remaining outer-circle who fought with idealism during 1998 are now spread into 2 categories, those being politically independent or allies with an NGO to keep their independency. According to KPK statistics during the period of 2004 to 2011, the inner circles involved in the term of KKN for corruption-nepotism-collusion are 10 actors, namely high rank government officers with 91 cases, private entities or private individuals (55), parliament members (49), majors (29), governors (8), commissioners (7), chief of ministries (6), judges (4), ambassadors (4) and others (31). As for the modus, government goods and services procurement sits on top of the quantity for 96 cases, which has been the concern by elimination through 2 tight regulations released by the goverment itself, followed by bribery (82), budget misuse (35), illegal levies (12) and licensing (10). the yesr on year statistics shows an increase in the above actors, mostly by government officers. (Source: KPK official site).

[February 2012]

Cyberbullying: Indonesian Parents at top of being Concern. The survey held by Ipsos figures that Idnonesian parent are the most concern and aware over cyberbullying. The Ipsos definition of cyberbullying is limited to where a group of children under 18 years old intentionally intimidate, dismay, threat, or defame other children(s) through means of information technology. The online survey with 18,687  respondents from 24 countries shows, that Indonesian parents ranked the first top with 91% for parents with high concern over cyberbullying toward their children or other children(s), followed by Australian parents (87%), Poland (83%), Sweden (82%), United States (82%), and German (81%). The lowest are Saudi Arabia (29%), Russia (35%), China (49%), Turkey (50%), France (53%), and India (53%). Ipsos further found that it is easy to find Indonesian parents who are aware of cyberbullying, because 53% Indonesian parents are aware of, followed by Swedian parents (51%), India (45%), Australian (35%), and Turkey (34%). Only 12% reported their knowledge of cyberbullying with figure proportion of once or twice knew (6%), sometimes they knew (3%) and often knew (3%). However, 60% parents knew their children is a victim of cyberbullying in social network such as Facebook, cellphone and other mobile devices (42%). Online chatroom (40%), email (32%), and instant messaging (32%). Facebook rank the highest prevalency of cyberbullying with figure of 48% to 68%. (source: Kompas)

[January 2012]

Dark Clouds in Law Enforcement 2011: Poll. The poll held mid December 2011 represents a significant decrease of public trust mainly in the current administration to combating corruption. 12,220 respondents perceive a statistic of minus 7 in December 2011 as to compare to plus 32 and down to plus 5 of trend perception in 2008 and December 2009, respectively. The poll of how good law enforcement in Indonesia details are 1,9%-31,3%-32,6%-18,0%-9,8% and 6,3% for excellent- good-bad-mediocre-very bad and abstain, respectively. The critical pointers are for excellent vs bad and very bad. The poll shows 2,9 margin error at 95 percent trust value to respondents with right to vote. The figure shall however do not represent the real national perception. (source: Kompas)

Poll: local government leadership is appreciated with some notes. The poll by 960 respondents  age over 17 years who live in major cities at 33 provinces in Indonesia earlier this year shows a positive result for development progress. 64 percent positively appreciated the local government effort in their hometown development progresses so far, particularly in education and health. Still the progress is seen more in material development but leaving an adequate immaterial agenda such as maintaining the survival of local culture and moral. However, such development are with some notes. People noted that still the bureaucrats are not free from problems. Almost half of the current local government and its deputies are involved in corruptions. Other cases are the inharmonious relationship between the two in terms of politic affiliation that brought them to the office. The poll figures that when asked is it of good or bad local administration performances, respondents answered 62,4%-35,4%-2,2% for good-bad-abstain, respectively. Further, respondents  figures the same for good-bad-don't know being asked how good in community economy with 45,6%-54,3-0,1%, Heath services 58,3%-40,5%-1,2%, a good and qualified education with 40,0%-59,5%-0,5%, public facilities and public services with 53,8%-44,8%-1,4% and local regulations with figure 43,0%-52,1%-4,9%. The latter issue represented in the figure that people see the governor and major cling more to their political alliance than the public good, with figure 53,2% and 50,9%, respectively. (source: Kompas)


[July 2011]

KPK Performance Degrade. The said performance of the Indonesian Anti Corruption Extermination has slumped into 56% in the period of 2010-2011, far below 75% during the period of 2008-2009. During the said year KPK breakthrough was highly appreciated for trial and its imprisonment of mostly parliament members, public attorneys, ex-chief police, including chairman of central banks who happen to be Indonesian�s President�s relatives. Unfortunately, the moves in turn put the phenomenal ex KPK Chairman Antasari Azhar and two of its directors (Bibit Samad Rianto and Chandra Hamzah) into political turmoil and victim of slander, which took them to trial as well for crime they did not committed. Two of the directors were released for improper and insufficient evidences. Therefore, public believe that KPK enemies remain strong and keep attacking the anti corruption movement. KPK degrade do not merely of the above attacks, but also loaded with enquiries for investigation reaching 860 cases annually during the period of 2005-2010. The KPK capacity is only at 160 cases, annually, which statistically are corruption-related in goods and services procurement (43%), bribery (29%), budget misuse (17%). The degradation of performances was also identified for KPK under performance in its use of great authority under the Anti Corruption Law 30 year 2002 to take over corruption case which is under the police investigation up to trial and imprisonment. Lastly, is KPK�s under performance to tackle corruption at all levels in the country, not to mention the low human resources at the police institution, general attorneys and the court. The three law institutions performances are far below in public eyes, 25% of public appreciation. However, public still believe there remain good and trusted judges at the court institution (57,9% to 68,6% respondents). The KPK current administration under Chairman Busyro Muqoddas (ex Chairman of Judicial Committee) is seen powerless, which public sees as unsatisfied (60,1%), satisfied (24,4%) and abstain (15,5%). The first period of KPK (2003-2007) was stronger under the chairman of Taufiqurahman Ruki, an ex police officer, where he imprisoned many governors, majors, ministers, and chairman of state committees who was committed to corruption.

[June 2011]

Poll: Financing the Indonesian Politic Party. The poll was held by a national circulation paper in May 2011 with 745 respondents living in 57 cities all over Indonesia, with a minimum age of 17, figures out that most respondents are aware of corruption turmoil involving 99 members of the political parties for the last 12 years. The reformation era since 1998 has created a strict laws stipulated under the law 2 year 2008, where politic parties financing sources are from the state budgets and politic parties� self financing through profit-making business entities, only. Politic parties are strictly not allowed to seek financing from state companies, foreign individual or companies. However, the poll shows that most respondents are against the idea of financing sources from the state budget (77,6%), state own-companies (80,5%), foreigners (63,85%). Respondents support the idea of self financing from its members (85,2%), individual and companies (70,3%) and politic party own business entity (81,6%). The poll further explained that respondents insufficient politic parties� performance in terms as a medium of people aspiration (76%), education of people� right (66,7%), representing a good qualified and competent politician (81,9%) and failure to perform to unite the nation (81,6%). In another view, the poll also seek a clearer involvement of respondents toward the political party during election, which is sadly mostly are not directly involved with interest, but merely seen as a festival rather than a political education.  The details are that respondents never involved in seminar, discussion (81,9%), never involved during the campaign (74,2%), never contribute goods (92%) or money (92,8%). The poll, however do not represent the national perception over the issues explained with more or less 3,6 error sampling.

Poll: Pancasila ideology need to re-embrace. The need to re-embrace of Pancasila as the only ideology in Indonesia is in urgency, as the 95,7% of 747 Indonesian respondents says during the poll held during 24-27 May 2011. 91,6% also perceive Pancasila must be defended by Indonesians and are still relevant to these days. Pancasila� ideology birth of 1 June is the ideology long embraced by Indonesian long before the birth of the Republic, of 5 rules of representing a state of faith in one God, humanity, unity, sovereignty by the people and social justice. However, the chemistry seems lost since the reformation era 1998, where leaders seeks power but losing the particular character of Pancasila as main identity of Indonesia. The figure become clear from year to year (2006, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011), where current leaders fails to lead Indonesia� future in 2006 (68,4% agree-27,5% do not agree � 4,2% abstain), 2008 (75,3%-18,9%-5,8%), 2009 (43,8%-44,9%-11,3%),2010 (59,6%-30,6%-9,8%) and 2011 (71,3%-20,3%-7,9%), respectively. Further, the poll figure out that current government is less serious in implementing Pancasila in daily life 2006 (49,6% less serious -44,7%  serious� 5,7% abstain), 2008 (60,6%-34,9%-4,5%), 2009 (42,5%-50,7%-6,8%),2010 (45,6%-46,7%-7,7%) and 2011 (60,5%-32,4%-7,1%). The poll also shows, that social justice is far to reality (71,6%), unity is in danger (49,8%) but tolerance increased year to year 66,2% in 2006, 71,0% in 2008, 77,6% in 2009.

[June 2011]

Poll: Financing the Indonesian Politic Party. The poll was held by a national circulation paper in May 2011 with 745 respondents living in 57 cities all over Indonesia, with a minimum age of 17, figures out that most respondents are aware of corruption turmoil involving 99 members of the political parties for the last 12 years. The reformation era since 1998 has created a strict laws stipulated under the law 2 year 2008, where politic parties financing sources are from the state budgets and politic parties� self financing through profit-making business entities, only. Politic parties are strictly not allowed to seek financing from state companies, foreign individual or companies. However, the poll shows that most respondents are against the idea of financing sources from the state budget (77,6%), state own-companies (80,5%), foreigners (63,85%). Respondents support the idea of self financing from its members (85,2%), individual and companies (70,3%) and politic party own business entity (81,6%). The poll further explained that respondents insufficient politic parties� performance in terms as a medium of people aspiration (76%), education of people� right (66,7%), representing a good qualified and competent politician (81,9%) and failure to perform to unite the nation (81,6%). In another view, the poll also seek a clearer involvement of respondents toward the political party during election, which is sadly mostly are not directly involved with interest, but merely seen as a festival rather than a political education.  The details are that respondents never involved in seminar, discussion (81,9%), never involved during the campaign (74,2%), never contribute goods (92%) or money (92,8%). The poll, however do not represent the national perception over the issues explained with more or less 3,6 error sampling.

Poll: Pancasila ideology need to re-embrace. The need to re-embrace of Pancasila as the only ideology in Indonesia is in urgency, as the 95,7% of 747 Indonesian respondents says during the poll held during 24-27 May 2011. 91,6% also perceive Pancasila must be defended by Indonesians and are still relevant to these days. Pancasila� ideology birth of 1 June is the ideology long embraced by Indonesian long before the birth of the Republic, of 5 rules of representing a state of faith in one God, humanity, unity, sovereignty by the people and social justice. However, the chemistry seems lost since the reformation era 1998, where leaders seeks power but losing the particular character of Pancasila as main identity of Indonesia. The figure become clear from year to year (2006, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011), where current leaders fails to lead Indonesia� future in 2006 (68,4% agree-27,5% do not agree � 4,2% abstain), 2008 (75,3%-18,9%-5,8%), 2009 (43,8%-44,9%-11,3%),2010 (59,6%-30,6%-9,8%) and 2011 (71,3%-20,3%-7,9%), respectively. Further, the poll figure out that current government is less serious in implementing Pancasila in daily life 2006 (49,6% less serious -44,7%  serious� 5,7% abstain), 2008 (60,6%-34,9%-4,5%), 2009 (42,5%-50,7%-6,8%),2010 (45,6%-46,7%-7,7%) and 2011 (60,5%-32,4%-7,1%). The poll also shows, that social justice is far to reality (71,6%), unity is in danger (49,8%) but tolerance increased year to year 66,2% in 2006, 71,0% in 2008, 77,6% in 2009.

[May 2011]

Poll: Being Happy During Retirement. The Poll held in Indonesia with 650 respondents shows that mostly are willing to be economically well prepare for their retirement. Savings, pension program and insurance are on top of the choices (55,1%), followed by setting up house renting as an investment for extra income (17,3%), take a better health control (13,3%), to keep working (7,3%), no particular preparation (1,9%), keep studying (1,7%) and rely on their children (0,9%). Life expectancy in Indonesia is quite high (67 years) as to compare to the neighbouring countries such as Singapore (81), Malaysia (73), Thaland (70), Cambodia (62), Laos (62) and Myanmar (54).

Survey: Soeharto the Populous and Most Successful President. The survey held by Indobarometer, shows that following reformation era for 13 years and 18 month of Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono� 2nd term, 36,5% respondents are in favor of Soeharto, the 2nd president of Indonesia who was in power for 32 years. Yudhoyono himself is on the 2nd in favor (20,9%), Soekarno (9,8%), Megawati (9,2%), BJ Habibie (4,4%) and Abdurrahman Wahid (4,3%). In terms of success, still Soeharto is considered far more succesfull than other Indonesian presidents (40,5%), Yudhoyono (21,9%), Soekarno (8,9%), Megawati (6,5%), BJ Habibie (2,0%) and Abdurahman Wahid (1,85). The poll was held on 25 April 2011 to 4 May 2011 with 1200 respondents age over 17, with the method of questionaire and interview.

Poll: Regional Autonomy Remain in Favour. The Figure shows, that most political parties (9 major parties) are in favor of decentralization system under the regional autonomy mechanism,  since 2001 (55,6%). However, the above figure is seen differently at the elite and public level, mainly the concern over the ripe of corruption at the region in the period of 2004-2011 with 115 corruption cases, where suspects are 8 governors, 23 majors and 84 high rank officers. The corruption legal settlement is seen with pessimism by 49,2% respondents. The Poll further questions respondents, whether the regional autonomy bring the situation into (1) better, (2) good (3) remain bad (4) worsen and (5) abstain, in various segments. The Poll found in terms of a better job, respondents answer is 23,8%-19,4%-13,9%-41,7%-1,2%, while the figure 18,%-30,5%-17,2%-33,5%-0,6% is for life fulfillment chances, 35,4%-24,9%-18,05%-21,0%-0,7% is for infrastructure development, 40,7%-28,8%-16,1%-13,1%-1,1% is for access to better education, 41,9%-32%-14,1%-9,6%-2,4% is for better health care, 16,8%-37,8%-13,8%-14,9%-16,7% is for regional politic stability, 35,4%-34,7%-11,1%-10,0%-8,8% is for public access to for free speech, 27,2%-33,2%-16,4%-12,2%-11,0% is for major performance, 17,3%-19,0%-20,5%-28,7%-14,5% is for corruption legal settlement, 45,5%-37,8%-8,6%-7,4%-0,7% is for security, 36,5%-36,6%-15,6%-7,9%-3,4% is for bureaucracy services, 28,3%-34,8%-16,4%-9,6%-10,9% is for local leadership quality  and finally 34,3%-33,3%-11.9%-13,3%-7,2% is for local regulation quality. To sum up the poll, respondents are of the opinion that regional autonomy succeed, fails and abstain in various social aspects, namely 52,3%-39,8%-7,9% for low education respondents, 48,6%-48,6%-2,8% for middle education respondents and  53,7%-44,1%-2,2% for higher education respondents. The poll by telephone was held with 732 respondents at 57 cities with minimum age of 17 years, shall however do not represent national perception.

February 2011

Mindset Reform is Required against Corruption. The statement released during the seminar in anti corruption in Jakarta, recently. Statistic shows that, 180 corruption cases taken over by the KPK during the period of year 2004 to 2010,cases are related mostly in 5 areas, namely, Goods and Services, Procurement (2004:1 case, 2005:12, 2006:8, 2007:14, 2008:18, 2009:16 and 2010:16, total 86 cases), Licensing (0-0-5-1-3-1-0 with total 10 cases), bribery (0-7-2-4-13-12-19, total 57), illegal levies (0-0-7-2-3-0-0, total 12) and finally misuse of local budgets (0-0-5-3-10-8-5, total 31), respectively. It is well noted that corruptors does not only exist at the central government (by creating fictious projects), but also at the local government level (collecting community funds for personal use), including public project consultant (over-billing), or even the community (illegal funds collection). Therefore, to combat this chronic mindset of corruption, early education of anti corruption will be the key for mindset reformation, which is seen to be effective to help them to avoid corruption but to work to increase their welfare.

Corruption at Local Government, the highest. According to the Indonesian Corruption Watch, ICW, within only 6 month of the first semester year 2010, the most vulnerable corruption is at the local government spending budgets with 38 cases only, followed by infrastructure (32), social community (20), education (17), land (8), health (6), energy and electricity (5),  taxation (5), transportation (4),  sports (4), banking (3), court (3), harvest (3), mining (2) and housing (2). 

407 local government regulations in 2010 are irrelevant. The release by the office of the Ministry of Domestic Affairs shows those regulations do not comply with the Law 28 year 2009, noting it as irrelevant to business and investment permit and trading licenses, including illicit regulation related to local taxes and customs which in turn are counter productive. According to the Law 28, the local government (and municipals) are limited to submit regulations related to only taxes for hotel, restaurant, entertainment, advertising, public lighting, parking, soil waters, land and building-related only. The 407 regulations are out of 3000 regulations, where 2593 regulations classified as relevant with the Law 28. The Ministry urged the regulations to be revoked, as 1.878 typical local government regulations has been also revoked during the period of 2002-2009.

33% seats in Public Universities are available for Indonesian Bright High School Graduates in 2011. The free seats are at Public Universities with special recruitment, so-called �by invitation�, applied to only the brightest grade 12 high school students are sit without passing university national exam, based on their last 3 years school study result and high school national exam. The 33% portion covers 53.850 seats out of total 165.034 to enter prestigious Indonesian Public Universities with direct and one time national examination, usually with 350.000 to 500.000 participants out of 760.000 high school graduates, annually, a high competition examination with national competition rate from 1:5 to 1:40, depending on faculties chosen.

Foreign and Domestic Investment increased 54,2% in 2010. The total investment is Rp 208,5 trillion (2010), increased from Rp 135,2 trillion (2009), far above the targeted at Rp 160,1 trillion. The good news does however is quite irrelevant to the increase of employment, since most investment are of consumptions dominated by warehousing, transportation and telecommunication. The Indonesian Investment Board (BKPM) urge investors to setup manufacturing plants in their portfolio, which statistically manufacturing is reduced from 4,4% (2nd quarter 2009) to 4,1% (3rd quarter 2010), as it is also  indicated by the reduce of power consumption for industry at 8,9% (2009 to 2008). The major problem is of bad infrastructure in Indonesia, namely limited power supply (which has been settled accordingly), roads, and ports. This have caused Indonesian� rank for investment go down from 115 (2009) to 121 in 2010, according to the World Bank Report.


Poll of Administration' Performance and Trust. The poll released by a major national circulation newspaper in January 2011 shows, that the administration of Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono' popularity in general has decreased significantly, from 75% (January 2010) to 55% (December 2010), as to compare to the same decrease  in 2009 from 90% (January) to 65% (December). A detailed figure are explained in various areas, where people in perceptions are of being satisfied, not satisfied, and abstain, with figures in corruption extermination are 26%-78,6%-0%, crime busting 40%-60%-0%, politics issues 23,3%-71,7%-4%, human rights violation 25,7%-70,9%-3,4%, public legal officers resettlement 27,6%-70,6%-1,8%, and law empowerment 28,7%-68,3%-3%, respectively. Respondents also asked to view their utmost urgency for the administration to solve, are corruption extermination 31% and economy 21,3%. Others are social welfare 13,6%, law enforcement 12,6%, jobs/employment 10,8%, politics 5,9% and others 2,2%. As of for the 20110, respondents have faith and expect more in better education system (85,2%), health (83,2%), security (80,7%) and freedom of expression (80,4%). The poll was held over the phone with 725 respondents in 33 provinces and 57 majors/cities in Indonesia, with respondent minimum age of 17 in December 29-30, 2010. The poll, however do not represent the general perception of Indonesians.




Indonesia Law Update


 2010, to 2006

[December 2010]

41 Public Entities Not Transparent in Budget Information. The request by an Indonesian NGO FITRA was based on the KIP Law � Law on Public Information Transparency that came into force early 2010, where it found that only 41 out of 69 are not able to comply with the effective applicable law to disclose its DIPA � Budget Expenditure Fill-in Forms. While other 13 public bodies responded but rejected to disclose the DIPA and the remaining 15 responded and disclosed the DIPA. The total 163 public offices are the target since the request was formally submitted during the month of June and July 2010, covering 34 Ministries, Parliaments (House and Senate), judicial bodies and law enforcers (KPK, Police, the Supreme Court and Constitution Court), governmental non-ministrial entities (19 out of 22) and other entities such as the Commissions, Committee (9 out of 56). The NGO further indicated, lack of responses and unavailable infrastructure and systems are those to be pointed out, which is interesting to see that such most incompetency are at mainly those the judiciary bodies, except KPK. The same qualifications also occurred at the legislative bodies where no responses and DIPA are from those entities, except the Senate Offices. Those the remaining who are good in responses and disclosed its DIPA however also found that number of pages are missing.

The Indonesian Information Commission Held Adjudication Session on Police High Rank Officer� super Bank Account.  The non-litigation session is with regard to the dispute for no responses of information disclosure of 17 police officers bank account between the ICW - the Indonesian Corruption Watch against the Indonesian Police Headquarter. The ICW�s request was previously not responded by the Indonesian Police Headquarter, arguing that the police had earlier released its findings that only 2 accounts are indicated with crimes, where 1 account was untraceable and the other account� owner has passed.

KPK Appreciate the establishment of the Whistle Blower System at Public Offices. The 6 offices are Pertamina (National Oil Company), Tax Office, Custom, PLN (state-owned electricity company), ministry of Agriculture and LPSK � the Witness and Victim Trial Body. The system are directly connected to the KPK office, except Pertamina who allows the whistle blowers to report to the higher rank officer, but still allow them to report to KPK. Upon receiving the information, KPK still conduct initial cross check to minimize trash information, whilst protection of the informant is on top of the priority. So far, the system has gone well and secured to fight against corruption in Indonesia.


Poll on Efforts of Corruption Extermination by Law Enforcers. In respond to the recent unsettled notorious case of corruption by a taxman Gayus Tambunan who owned at least Rp98 billion in his personal account, public shows their rage and increase of distrust at 65,8% to mainly to 3 major law institutions, namely the Police, Public Prosecutor, the  Court, and KPK, with result of strong support for death sentence for corruptors (69,3%) including to compel the state to make them and the family poor (65%). Public pessimism for a clean government also reached as low as 65% as no serious effort to combat corruption has been shown by those institutions (90%). The poll was held by a national circulation newspapers R&D recently from 16-19 November 2010 with 681 respondents at minimum age of 17 in 57 cities at 33 provinces.  The detail of the poll shows that of the above 4 institutions, public perceived no serious effort had been attempted by the Police institution (77,2% against serious 20,3%), Public Prosecutor (78,0% / 17,8%), The Court (74,2% / 20,4%) and KPK at the lowest distrust (47,6% / 47,0%), respectively. As for its positive image of the above 4 institutions for 4 periodical events (February 2009, October 2009, November 2009 and November 2010), the figure shows the Police was at 42,7%-41,8%-40,6%-16,4%, the Public Prosecutor (35,1%-34,9%-35,7%-20,0%), the Court (35,2%-37,2%-40,5%-21,4%), while KPK remain the highest positive image (77,5%-48,3%-66,1%-46,3%), respectively. However, some also perceive the case was blown and driven into politic issues as the case involve a high political profile of the leading Golkar Party owner of Bakrie Group who 3 major of its subsidiaries was directly involved in the tax embezzlement through bribery of at least Rp 25 billion to Gayus who himself not only represent as a taxman but also as an attorney for tax payers in the tax court under the Ministry of Finance. The three subsidiaries involved in tax embezzlement are PT Kaltim Prima Coal (KPC), PT Bumi Resources and PT Arutmin. A number of inferior law officers had been imprisoned, but public believe there remain the untouchables. Bakrie Group, an Indonesian tycoon so far has been a suspect for directly responsible for numerous unsettled notorious cases of gigantic business malpractices, such as malpractice mud flow in 2007 (environment disaster) that cost Rp8 trillion, investment/insurance fraud in 2008 and now the other 3 companies in tax embezzlement.

Expatriate Salary Survey: 49 percent salaries are spent in Indonesia. The 2009 Indonesian Central Bank survey covers 365 expatriates who work and live in Indonesia (Java, Bali, East Kalimantan and Riau, with salaries ranges from Rp25million to 50 million (additional package not included), Rp 75 million to Rp 100 miilion (managers and directors level), and over Rp125 million. The survey shows that the 49 percent are spent in Indonesia are for foods, recreation, entertainment and sports, while the 31% are deposited, and remaining 20% are sent to their home town (remittance). Their Salaries are paid directly by their employer in Indonesia (57%), trhough bank transfers (67%), while only small number paid from their principal abroad (20%). Most deposited their salaries in bank, while only 10% do not. Remittance are regularly made to their home town (53%) are those at the manager level (36%) and directors (21%), where directors remits more (60%) than the professionals (47%). The amount remitted mostly are less than Rp 10million (41% respondents), covering portion 20 to 40 percent of salaries, are those at supervisor level (64%). While professional is at 49,9% remittance (5% respondents). The number of expatriate registered in Indonesia reaches 45.384, with various appointment types: direct employment (55,9%), no special tasks  (38,7%), business expansion (13,6%) and business relocation (3,5%). However, 43,9% expatriates are those who choose Indonesia as their personal choice to work. Further, the survey also educational background, where mostly are with bachelors degree (62,4%), post-graduate degree (25,8%) to sit as professional and technician in various business sector, such as processed-industries (35,4%), finance-leasing-services (13%) and Telecommunication and Transportation (12%). Duration of stay mostly are more than for 1 year (84%), with nationalitiy from Asia non ASEAN (50,4%), China(41%), Japan (22%), South Korea (18%), and India (13%).

Indonesia Younger Generation Attitude Survey, 2009. The poll was held by a national circulation newspaper with 980 respondents at 56 years maximum of age. However, the survey in fact emphasize more at the younger of 16 to 30 years. As to respond to the question of what is their idealism, most respondent answers are to help the needs (total 31,4% with 25,2% of 16-30 years, and 35,8% those over 30 years old), being rich (total 28,8% / 36,3% / 25,3%), famous (12,2% / 18,1% / 8%), leader in their community (17% / 25% / 39%), respectively. A to their personal perception, the respondents perceive them as being independent and success (15,3%), productive (14,2%), zeal (12,2%), broken(11,3%) , modern/technology-oriented (7,6%), lazy/sloppy (6,2%), hard worker (5,9%), mind-setter (5,9%), free (5,7%), polite (3,4%), others (6,9%), and abstain (5,4%).

[October 2010]

400 Bankers in Indonesia not allowed to direct, or own bank until 2023. The list was released by the Indonesian Central Bank, recently, was based on the January 1995 regulation 27/118/KEP/DIR as revised in Central Bank Regulation 5/25/PBI/2003 Fit and Proper Test for bankers. The list collected so far reached 400 name of bankers since 2003 through investigation. The list is a reminder to public to increase their awareness when appointing personnel to conduct banking activities.

Poor Students 20% Quota at Public Universities. Following the annulment of the National Education System Law and the Education Institution Law 9/2006 earlier March this year by the Indonesian Constitutional Law, the government released a new subsidiary regulation 66/2010 effective with transition period until December 2012. The regulation 60/2010 stipulate compulsory portion of 20% seats for poor students at public universities owned by the government. The legal status remains as a State Enterprise, but its financial independence is slashed and revenue generated now is categorized as state non-taxable subject, including the empowerment as Public Service. The previous law entitles public universities to independently control its financial matter, where the control is questionable since the scheme is more on business instead of public service with less protection to the poor.

[September 2010]

Seven Indonesian State Universities Ranked Asia 200 Top Universities. The 2010 release by the QS University  ( university-rankings/asian-university-rankings/overall) shows the seven universities are Universitas Indonesia (UI- 2010 is at rank 50, 2009 at rank 50), Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM � 85/63), Universitas Airlangga (UnAir � 109/130), Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB � 118/80), Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB � 119/119), Universitas Diponegoro (UnDip � 161/171) and Padjadjaran Unversity (Unpad � 161/201). Some of the universities experience its increase and decrease toward 2009 ranking.

[June 2010]

2010 Poll on KPK Performances. The Poll held by a major Indonesian national circulation newspaper shows that public�s trust to KPK remain high, including a stronger image day by day, 49.3% in August 2007 up to 49.7% (March 2008), increased to 63.5% (June 2008), and reaches the highest peak 77.5% (February 2009). The strongest blow finally came in middle of 2009 down to 53% after simultaneous attack to its leaders whom captured for criminal conviction in September 2009, but regained its figure to 71,5% (November 2009) indicated by KPK publicly at the Constitutional Court a record of phone-tapping a conspiracy to set down two KPK leaders by a corrupt mafia.  However, the percentage fell down to 54.5% (April 2010 and June 2010), after publication of trial verdict on Antasari Azhar, former chief of KPK suspect of a plot-murder, and the unfinished investigation of Century Case. In terms of duties carried-out, under the Law Number 30 Year 2002, KPK must fail to achieve public satisfaction. KPK� five primer duties and none of them can achieve more than 40% satisfaction as shown by the figure to carry its duty to monitor governance action is of 39.5%, duty to search and investigate 39.1%, duty to prosecute corruption perpetrator 37.7%, duty to prevent corruption 38.9, and Duty to coordinate with Police and General Attorney is only 36.4%. Public�s satisfaction always fluctuated if they are being asked their satisfaction on execution of KPK duties. The poll shows satisfaction never reach 44% (June 2008) then up to 61,4% in February 2009, but decreased to 51.9% (September 2009), raised again to 59.9% (November 2009) and down to 43.6% (June 2010). As an ad-hoc institution, KPK is not a single fighter, because KPK� working mechanism must also coordinates with Police and General Attorney and other institutions in eradicating corruption to create good corporate governance. All reports from public are gathered, selected, and will be determined which information will be taken care by KPK or other institutions. Until 2008, the reports have reached 8,699 reports, but only 95 reports were seriously proceeded by other institutions other than KPK, a decrease of 90% of classification of information to be given and being proceeded by other institution out from KPK� data as recorded from KPK annual report book 2004-2009. A contrary to what KPK has done, the proceeded increased from 27 to 812 reports at the same period 2004-2009 handled by KPK. The next is issue with morality, following three of KPK leaders are troubled with legal disputes, public now demand various requirements to all upcoming candidates. Public mostly believe that moral integrity is vital (80%), and consider legal knowledge are not so important (only 9%). However, public still believe that people with legal expertise is the most suitable (48.6%) to lead KPK. Others background deemed suitable for the position are clergy (17.8%) and academician (10.6%).

[April 2010]

Amnesty Calls for Migrant Worker Protection in Malaysia. The calls for Malaysian government are of the facts found by the Amnesty International, that migrant workers are misleaded and cheated by the Malaysian employers and its agents for good work and high salary, in order to evade poverty, a fact far from reality for they being tortured and exploited. Workers found their working condition deemed as labor exploitation. In the report called �Trapped- The Exploitation of Migrant Workers in Malaysia�, further details that Malaysia highly depends on the migrant workers from Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Nepal, Myanmar, Filipina and Vietnam, to work at sectors such as construction site, factory, restaurant, domestic working, oil-palm plantation and other job which avoided by local workers. However, the employers� treatment are far from equal, such as improper salary, unsafe working condition, illegal detention and extortion by Malaysian officer with criminal �like approach. The report by the Director of Policy, Michael Bochenek, documented a wide exploitation in Malaysia, in every sector of works, and no effective inspection system in working area and no effective compensation given to workers for their individual claims. The report is based on more than 200 workers (legal or illegal) in July 2009. The report also urge Malaysia Government to upgrade inspection on working places and conduct judicial process upon the migrant abuse, since they fail to serve their responsibility to prevent violation, including exploitation, enforced work, and human trafficking. However as usual, the Malaysian denied the facts, where later then Amnesty found that Malaysian officers often misuse their authority by arresting migrant workers, make a trick on the workers by searching documents, just to end up with forcing the workers to give them some money. Indonesia has earlier responded by not sending any migrant workers since June 2009 until present.

[March 2010]

Modern retail market dominates in Jakarta. The fast-growing market has beaten traditional market in Jakarta by number. Modern retail market is addressed to mini-market, supermarket, department store, convenience store, and hypermarket. While traditional market is mostly known as market in traditional way, multiple seller spread in one area and sell different kind of goods. The figure shows that during the period of 2005-2008, the increase of the modern retail market is at 117% (from 1.014 units to 2.196 units), while traditional market has not build any market (zero percentage number). Among the development of modern retail market in Indonesia, mini-market has shown extraordinary number, as shown by a research for a period from 2003-2008. The figure shows growth 2,058 units to 7,301 units - 254% increase (for minimarket), and (54 units to 135 units - 150%) for Hypermarket , respectively. In terms of area, modern retail market mostly operated in West Java province, with Jakarta in the second position. Both then combines in an area called Jakarta-Bogor-Depok-Tangerang-Bekasi � Jakarta and its satellites (�Jabodetabek�) as the central of modern retail market spread. Hypermarket remain the largest in Jakarta (represents 1/4 in Indonesia). Jakarta to Jabodetabek comparisons chart shows that, mini-market 1.841 units of 4.939 (37.3%), supermarket 200 of 336 (59.5%), department store 120 of 217 (55.3%), hypermarket 35 of 70 (50%). While the figure for the whole modern retail markets Jakarta to Indonesia represents mini-market 25.4%, supermarket 17.4%, department store 19.3%, and hypermarket 25.3%. The figure for traditional markets in Jakarta per 2008 are 151 units, spread in West Jakarta 27 units, North Jakarta 23, Central-Jakarta 39, East Jakarta 33, and South Jakarta 29. Total of stalls spread in the 151 units traditional market are 98,705 units. Total average visitors in the traditional markets in Jakarta each day are 2 million people.

Medicine Cartel under KPPU Invesigation. The 2 months preliminary examination investigation by the Indonesian Anti Trust Auditor Commission (�KPPU�) is on allegation conducted by several business entities of pharmacies that lead to anti trust. The findings indicated of phenomena of industrial concentration and high price of particular medicine types. KPPU monitoring particularly conducted on therapeutic class, after patent right of the originator medicine has expired. The allegation raised based on the consideration that pharmaceutical industry as strategic sector to national economic due to its domestic market-development potency. Type of allegedly medicine cartel are amplodipine class, consist of Amdixal (Sandoz), Divask (Kalbefarma), Norvask (PT Pf), Tensivask (PT DM) with market concentration 55.8% in PT. Pf and 30% in PT. DM, and concentration ratio (CR4) for 93%. Amlodipine product is medicine that contains dihydropiridine derivative calcium-channel blockers which specifically used for cardiovascular related-disease and expire its patent period in 2007. Price of two primary brands for amlodipine class, Norvask and Tensivask, are far above their generic medicine. In respect of preliminary examination, KPPU has scheduled examination agenda addressed to Respondent I (PT. Pf) in 8 March and Respondent II (PT. DM) in 9 March.

Police Monitoring Weakness. Police duty performance is being complained by people for being contradictive with the rules and the need of justice. Complaints received by National Police Commission (�Kompolnas�) increased significantly from 2007 to 2009, from 597 complaints, 344 then 1.446, respectively. From 1.466, the complaints mostly related to poor service (1.151 claims), abuse of authority (239 claims), discrimination (48 claims), discretion (20), and corruption (8 claims). Poor service is related to prolonging cancellation of case, not willing to accept case, or not reporting case progress. Abuse of authority is related to oppression by police, wrongful arrest, wrongful detention, or wrongful search. Corruption is related to operational budget usage and possessing illegal wealth by the police. Discrimination occurred in giving privilege to particular person or case and abiding the poor. Wrong discretion occurred when police intentionally directing a non-criminal case to be measured by criminal procedure. Investigator unit is the most frequently reported in that claims (1.386), followed by traffic police (13), rookie (1), and other units (66). Bribery culture to higher authority resulted on several crime set-up conducted by the police, said Adnan Pandu Praja, member of Kompolnas. Police members are forced to �voluntarily� provide money to higher ranking-officer, such money are indirectly �paid� through criminal set up of persons, then accused the victim for committing crime, and black-mailed them to give amount of money for their freedom. Weakness in external monitoring, exercised by Kompolnas and internal monitoring by Security and Profession Division (�Propam�), leads to this problem, as indicated by three major issues, such as: (1) Claims from public to Kompolnas which directed to regional police monitoring inspectorate, is directed again to local police chief. Thus, any claims wouldn�t be continued by investigation, but only answered by the chief, (2) Misunderstanding concept of independency when Propam investigation towards investigator officer�s violation is considered as intervention of duty by investigator unit, and (3) Esprit des corps, misunderstanding where every officer misdemeanor shall automatically be regarded as spoiling police chief�s reputation. Hence, all violations will be kept to protect chief reputation.

[February 2010]

17 Indonesian Public Universities ranked as 100 South East Asia� Webomatrics Best Universities. The 17 state-owned universities together with other 5 Indonesian private universities are led by the Gadjah Mada University in the 8th position, followed by other public universities namely, Bandung Institute of Technology (10), University of Indonesia (17), Universitas Negeri Malang (28), Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (31), Universitas Negeri Surakarta (43), Airlangga University (45), Brawijaya University (58), Diponegoro University (59), Bogor Institue of Agriculture (61), Padjadjaran University (65), Indonesia Education University (67), Sriwijaya University (70), Lampung University (85), STT Telkom (86) and Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta (100). While the privae universities are Universitas Kristen Petra (19), Universitas Gunadarma (24), Universitas Islam Indonesia (74), Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta (76) and STMIK Amikom (81). The first to three positions is given to the National University of Singapore, followed by Kasetsart University Thailand, and Prince of Songkla University Thailand. Webometrics affiliate with Spanish National Research Council, releases such list every January and July, annually.

Poll on People�s Response to Law Enforcement in Indonesia. Law enforcement in Indonesia is perceived as slightly fails to assure justice to the people. The general perception shows that 64,5% percent are unsatisfied, followed by 31,9% for satisfied and 3,6% abstain. Indeed, from all of three law enforcement institutions: Police, General Attorney, and Court, the percentage  showing people dissatisfaction on justice needs are no lower than 85% as to compare to their satisfactions reaches 8.9% (Police), 8.2% (General Attorney), and 9.9% (Court). This poll also indicates what type of crime and in what level the unfairness occurred. The Poll categorizes the unfairness into the types of crimes: economic crime (corruption), political crime, and general crime, as the three are related into criminal justice procedure: investigation, court decision, and verdict execution. In economic crime, 60.5% stated that unfairness occurred in investigation, 66.6% in court decision, and 66.6% in verdict execution. In political crime, the figure is 66.6%-66.4%-65.7% and in general crime 50.7%-53.9%-55.2%. The Poll shows the image of three institutions (Police, General Attorney, and Court) within the last five years, Police was gained national respect in June 2006 and September 2009, the time when Police succeeded in terminating terrorist fugitives. All three institutions also gain national respect in September 2009. But as a respond to the bribery case assisted by an Indonesian-Chinese businessmen Anggodo Widjojo  towards a number of government legal officers, where phone  taping record was played in Constitution Court�s session, the image for the three institutions were declined and still declining until this poll was conducted.  Some part of this poll was held by one of national newspaper in Indonesia area, 9-10 February 2010, with 838 respondents with minimum age 17 years old, and also combined the data achieved from periodically poll conducted since 2005 until February 2010. The respondent for this poll are citizens in nine Indonesian major cities, shall however do not represent national perception over the poll.

CMC: 70% Candidates of Judges for Anti Corruption Court Are Not Recommended. The Indonesian Court Monitoring Coalition � CMC and the Coalition concerns are related to the un-transparent of the recruitment and selection process for the above matter. In spite of guarded by a number of the Coalition (the Indonesian Corruption Watch - ICW, Indonesian Transparency Society � MTI and the Indonesian Center of Law and Policy Study), the Judicial Court has set its own qualification, which do not put on priority candidate� skill and competency, integrity and clean track record, proper wealth, not affiliated with political party, and no direct interaction with corruptors. The Coalition found that among 79 candidates, 55 are not recommended since they do not pass the above Coalition�s proposed requirements.

[January 2010]

KPPU: 8 Indonesian Companies Suspected for Cement Cartel Pricing. The 8 cement companies are Holcim Indonesia, Semen Andalas Indonesia, Semen Padang, Semen Baturaja, Indo Semen Tunggal Perkasa, Semen Gresik, Semen Tonasa, and Semen Bosowa. The said indication was the initial findings by the Indonesian Anti Monopoly Commission (�KPPU�), which was seen by two companies raising its prices at the same structural level, a finding almost the same as previous investigation where the companies deliberately set up prices through idle of production at the factory. The practices caused price increase as a respond to increase of demand as the supply are limited, a practice since 2006 until today. The 8 companies production reached 56 million tonnes, while the consumption only 35 million, where the idle production capacity was approximately 21 million, the together set up a uniform prices, even higher when the coal prices gone down in the market. Coal is used as main energy in the factory. Such practices breached Law 5 year 2009 on Cartel.

[December 2009]

Poll of Indonesian Human Rights Practices. For over six decades, Indonesia has acknowledged Human Rights in its Constitutions, and as a consequence of a number of UN Human Rights Convention, Indonesian Government has ratified a number of UN Human Rights-related Conventions, namely the Convention on elimination of Race Discrimination 1965 in 1999, Convention on Civil Rights and Politics 1966 (in 2005), Convention Economy, Social and Culture 1966 (2005), Convention on Elimination of Discrimination Against Woman 1979 (1984), Convention Against Torture 1984 (1998), Convention on Rights of Child 1989 (1990) and Convention on Protection for Migrant Workers 1990 (in progress). For the level of people� satisfaction over the government performances in various area of life towards the people of Indonesia (with 230 million population spread into 13,000 island with 450 different dialogues and 60 different major tribes in 33 provinces with 30 different political parties), respondents are posed with choices of satisfied, unsatisfied, and abstain. The lowest is for equality before the law with 16,1% (for satisfied), 81,6% (for unsatisfied) and 2,3% (for abstain), while the next lower figure is for proper  job (21,9%-77,3%-0,8%), proper education (35,3-63,5-1,0), proper housing (36,4-61,4-2,2), proper health (40,0-59,2-0,8), proper security (40,5-57,1-2,4), adequate freedom to unite (43,5-44,5-12,0), proper food (45,7-53,2-1,1). However, the Indonesian people has its reward of satisfaction for the freedom to express and to speak (59,5-36,6-3,9) and the freedom of faith and religion 79,5-18,7-1,8). In particular questions, respondents are posed to their current jobs, where the figure shows unsatisfactory of 89,6% from unlawful termination possibilities, 84,6% for their work protection on contractual basis, 83,5% for their current wage and, 70,9% from unlawful action by big corporations. A better figure is of school termination, where the last 5 years remain below 5% annually (2003/04-2004/05-2005/06-2006/07-2007/08) for those at the elementary to high school thanks to the government 20% of its annual national budget education program, except those at university level increased significantly from 5%-7,5%-12,5%-12,5%-18%, respectively. The current Poll in respond to the Human Rights Day 12 December 2009 in Indonesia, was held a national circulation newspaper with 814 respondents with minimum age of 17 years, at 10 big cities on proportional basis, shall however do not represent the national perception.

[November 2009]

Poll on Reformation of Law Institutions and Law Public Officers. The poll was held by a national circulation newspaper earlier November 2009, at four subjects. The first is of the public opinion towards the general performances of 3 Law Institutions, namely the Police, Public Attorney and Ministry of Justice, where public are in general satisfied of the task-handling performance of the police at 32,6%, the Public Attorney at 24,3% and Ministry of Justice at 27,2%, but more are not satisfied at 65,4%- 69,3%-62,3% and abstain 2,0%-6,4%-10,5%, respectively. Further, public are of the opinion toward the Police performance in handling crimes (57,0% are satisfied, 42,3% not satisfied, and 0,7% abstain), in drugs extermination (66,2%, 33,2% and 0,6%), in combating  terrorism (84,2%, 14,9% and 0,9%), then in eliminating corruption-collusion and nepotism (26,4%, 71,0% and 2,6%), respectively. In particular, public also has its image toward policemen, a significant increase and decrease chart of 0 (very low) to 80 (good) scale over the last 9 years from 2001 to 2009, as it shows good images (40-25-42-37-55-52-49-46-45-42),  bad (50-65-47-55-35-45-46-50-55),  while abstain remain stable below 10 scale, respectively. Lastly, is the poll of public perception of a better or worst institution performance towards the Public Attorney over the last 11 years (since the reformation 1998), where 32,8% sees it is better, 14,2% says it remain good, 22,4% says remain bad, 24,2 for worse and 6,4% abstain, while for the police institution its says 43,9%-13,2%-19,6%-22,2%-1,1%, respectively. The poll held by the R&D of the said newspaper on 10-12 November 2009 out of 823 randomed respondents of minimum age of 17 at 10 big cities in Indonesia, shall however do not represent national  perception over the poll.

[September 2009]

Increase of Public Satisfaction Level on Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono� Administrator Performances; The survey by Lembaga Survei Indonesia (LSI) on 18-28 July 2009, was held randomly to 1.270 respondents all around Indonesia. On the national security and public order issues, only 55% respondent gave positive response (July 2009), as to compare to 67% (May 2009), which may caused by the bombing incident 17 July 2009. On the Economics and educations issues, there is an increase to 59% (July 2009) as to compare to 29% (September 2008). On the war against corruption, 84% (July 2009) are satisfied as to compare to  only 45% (September 2007), and particular 84%. respondents agreed that the government is capable on eradicating corruption. In general, 85% of the public are satisfied with SBY�s performance as president, while only 63% satisfy with Jusuf Kalla (JK) performances as Vice President.

Public are satisfied with Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono� performance as President of the Republic of Indonesia. Based on the survey conduct by Indo Barometer, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY)�s performances are even better then the performances of vice president, Jusuf Kalla (JK) and the parliament. In general, the public satisfaction reaches 90.4%, while for JK is 67%. Meanwhile, the satisfaction for the parliament performance on 2004-2009 periods reaches 51.4%. Public are satisfied with SBY�s performance on politics and law enforcement sectors, as his policies on these sectors considered better then the previous administrator. The public satisfaction on politics policy reach 88.9%, 88% for law enforcement, 85.4% in social sector, 81,9% in security, 78,8% for foreign affairs, and 76.2% for economy.

[August 2009]

Transparency Indonesia Poll 2008: Indonesian Police the Most Corrupt Institution. The survey held in 2008 along the year 2008 of 3.841 respondents (2.371 business stakeholders, 1,074 public servants and 396 public figure) at 50 cities of 33 provincial and 17 big cities shows that, out of 1.218 interaction, 48% deals with bribery to the police at the amount approximately of Rp 2,273,000 each. The second most corrupt is the office of custom. where out of 423 interactions, 41% deals with bribe at the amount of Rp3,272,000 each. The third is the Immigration Office with 353 interactions, where 34% deals with bribe at the amount of Rp 2,802,000 each. The court rank to 8 out of 15 government institution but rank the first in the amount of bribe. where 204 interactions, 30% deals with bribe at the amount of Rp 102,412,000 each. In the scope of area, Yogyakarta listed the lowest corrupt city with Perception Corruption Index of 6,43, followed by Palangkaraya (6,1), Banda Aceh (5,87), Jambi (5,57) and Mataram (5,41). The most corrupt city are Kupang ((2,97), Tegal (3,32), Manokwari (3,39), Kendari (3,43) and Purwokerto..

Poll on Nationalism. In its 64th independence anniversary of the Republic of Indonesia, statehood and patriotism remain relevant in the Indonesia history. A national circulation newspaper held its poll over nationalism to 845 Indonesian respondents age of 17 at most big cities all over Indonesia, where it is found that nationalism has been increased significantly to 83,6% in 2009 as to compare to 68,1% (2008s), 65,9% (2007), 67,0% (2006), 76,5% (2005) and 94,1% (2004). interestingly, nationalism remain strong be it for people living in the most populous island of Java at 54,9% , while outside Java is a bit stronger of 55,0%. In response to recent various social situation in Indonesia, respondents are aware that solidarity remain strong (34,1%), weaken (60,7%), tolerance of races is still strong (50,5%) but also weaken (42,9%), but the good news is that tolerance of  different religion remain strong (57,1%), but also weak (37,1%). The recent political turbulances, economy downturn and terror attacks however in turn creates more social bound to Indonesians, as the pride being Indonesia as one nation remain unbreakable from time to time.

[June 2009]

Corruption Survey at the Indonesian Parliament and Judicial Insitution: Transparency International Indonesia (TII). The TII Survey on behalf of Gallup International placed both the above Indonesian institutions as the most corrupt Institution. The Survey was held in between 11-20 November 2008 with 500 respondents on the age of 16 and above, where 300 of the respondents are in Jakarta while the rest are in Surabaya. This survey was also held in 69 countries. The object in this survey are political parties, public services, Parliament, private sector, judicial institution, and media. Score 1 are given to the institution without corruption and 5 are given to the most corrupt institution. The survey results are: Parliament (4.4), judicial institution (4.1), political party and public service (4.0), private sector (3.2), and the last one media (2.3). The parliament score is up 0.3 from 2007, while the judicial institution score remain steady.

[May 2009]

Jakarta and West Java are on the Top List the Most Corrupted Provinces. The research conduct by Indonesia Corruption Watch (ICW) based on the data from the Attorney General Office - AGO, the Indonesian Finance Supervisory Body- BPK, media, and public report, in 2008 there were 275 corruption cases found in 9 provinces, with potential Rp. 18,72 billion state loss. Those nine provinces are Jakarta, Banten, West Java (both next to Jakarta), Central Celebes, West Sumatra, Central Java, East Java, West Nusa Tenggara, and East Nusa Tenggara. The corruption cases are mostly in the government sector (111 cases), in infrastructure sector (50 cases), and education sector (36 cases). From an institution side, the executive is the most corrupted with 275 cases, private company (27), and legislative (17). Actors on the corruption cases mostly are the executive (403 persons), legislative body (127), and private company (122). The biggest state loss potential are in the banking sector (Rp. 9.49 billion), government sector (Rp. 2.9 billion), and infrastructure (Rp. 1.1 billion). The biggest state loss is Rp. 9 billion from the central bank, Rp. 8.5 billion from the executive, and Rp. 572 billion from the state enterprise.

[March 2009]

Government Departments Slashed Down: A  Suggestion. The suggestion is based on the incomparable and inefficient of state budget to its outcome, performance and result of the said departments, such as the Department of Women Empowerment. The said department is perceived as very low and useless. In most developed countries, there are less than 20 departments only, where in Indonesia reached total 34 Ministries (of 21 Departments, 10 Coordinating Ministries and 3 State Ministries). The over capacity of departments and ministries are also seen merely as power consensus between political parties and the incumbent to maintain their existence and political presence. As part of the idea, the minister Government Officer Empowerment also emphasize to change the structure but most importantly is to change the mindset of the government officer from being the 'power holder' into 'people servant', from 'the authority' to 'take the role'.

Legal Notes: Since the power shift of reformation in 1998, numerous attempt to change the mindset of government officers has been implemented, from compulsory of annual wealth report, taxation, fair and transparent recruitment, merit systems, to signing of pact of integrity, but only small progress been made. So far, a number department since 2004 has been a pilot project where success implementation has find its result trough fair, competitive, and transparent recruitment at the Central Bank, Department of Foreign Affairs, Department of Finance, KPK, the Judicial Committee, and the Constitutional Court. The said institutions has outperformed other departments, where the qualified, the best and the brightest staffs are those who took the seat, and enjoyed better salaries and privileges, including the pride of the right attitude to serve and to work hard. Most importantly are their willing to listen and to act.

[February 2009]

Department of Education to Provide  5,500 Master Degree Scholarship for Lecturers. The competitive 5,500 seats are aimed at lecturers at all universities in Indonesia, where half of total 155,000 lecturers hold bachelor degree only. The figure at the department of education, those bachelor degree lecturers 65% are at the private universities, and 35% at public universities. The Law of Teacher and Lecturers 14 year 2005 stipulate that both are categorized into professions, and to be a qualified as lecturer, lecturers must meet the qualification both to pass national exam certification (leading to professional licenses) and a minimum qualification to hold a master degree to teach at bachelor degree.

[January 2009]

Rp.23.5 million per Anti Corruption Case Legal Settlement in KPK. Chairman of the Indonesian Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) stated that, the said average amount is needed by commission to solve one case from investigation to rulings, each. Until today KPK has used Rp.1 Billion out of Rp.9 billion of available fund. The information is released to respond the General Attorney statement, which stated that KPK used Rp.400 million for their operational fund, meanwhile attorney office only used Rp.15 million. KPK so far in the year 2008, KPK finalized 70 investigations, 47 examinations, 39 prosecutions and 41 executions.

Polls: Police Bribed Frequently, Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) Will Supervise Police Department. Police Department stands in the first place as the most-bribed institution according Transparency International Indonesia (TII) polling verse. KPK Deputy Director on Actions Division further said that KPK will immediately enter the domain of Police Department to supervise it. The TII survey on 15 Government institutions has put Police Department in the 1st rank, which out of 1.218 respondents, 48 percent businessman admit that they have ever bribe a police. The Customs Office is in the 2nd place. 41 percent from 423 respondents admit that they have ever blackmailed by the Customs Office. The total amount of those blackmail money from this institution have reaches Rp 327 million. In the next position in a row there is Immigration Office, Highway and Traffic Department (DLLAJR), City Administrator, National Defense, and PERLINDO. The most interesting case is the Justice Institution. Even though there are only 30 percent from 204 respondents admiting that they have ever blackmailed by this institution, but the total amount of this blackmail money is fantastic, reaching Rp 102, 4 million. KPK gave its appreciation for survey conducted by TII on public service, which is line with 2009 KPK�s priority to emphasize on the public services. KPK will utilize the TII survey, where the survey shows community perception on public services. 

State Funds Are Saved from Corruption. For the last couple of years many corruption case has been taken care by Indonesia state legal officers, namely Indonesian Police Office (Polri), Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK), and public prosecutor (AGO). In year 2004 corruption case handled by those three legal institutes which was in investigation level are 311 cases (Police Office), 523 cases (Public Prosecutor) and 2 cases (KPK). In 2005 the figure is 215, 546 and 12, respectively. The figure for 2006 was increasing, as much as 225, 588 and 26 respectively. In 2007 there is a decrease down to 155, 636 and 23 cases. While the figure until November 2008 is 189, 850 and 47 cases. Most corruptor finally ends up in prison including paying fines and returning the  corrupted money. According to the latest survey, for the last 4 years there are a lot of state fund were saved by the amount of Rp. 859.762.538.773 (from Polri), Rp. (from the AGO) and Rp.476.456.872.901 (from KPK). The details of the amount of money from those three legal institutions, from cases which already legal binding is as much as USD 18.000.000 (AGO) and Rp. 476.456.872.901 (KPK). At the investigation level, state budget which were return are Rp. 859.762.538.773 (Polri) and Rp.2.933.978.848.169,78 (AGO). As much as Rp.139.882.439.209 has been return by the AGO from the expropriation. However, the number remain questionable, where most people believe that KPK has done far and much better than two other institutions.

[December 2008]

Malaysians still Contribute High Crime Against Humanity towards Indonesian Domestic Workers in Malaysia. According to the Indonesian Consulate Offices and Embassy in Malaysia, the data shows that most cases occurred and complained by Indonesian domestic workers by their Malaysian employers, are the unpaid salaries by the Malaysians mostly in Kuala Lumpur with 235 cases in 2008, where the figure decreased than 2007 (231) but worst in 2006 (310). In the last three years back, the statistic shows that other problems explained by the Indonesian workers are that the works are too hard, with figure of 34 complains in 2008, 87 (2007) and 97 (2006). Fraud by the employers are 33 cases (2008), 51 (2007) and 56 (2006), dismissal 10-39-22, for 3 years back respectively; no working adjustment 0-123-153, tortured by the employer 42-106-141, abandoned 8-17-14, below age trafficked 36-19-20. The new crimes in 2008 committed by Malaysians also shown as, employing them as prostitutes 22), employing them for two mistress 11.

Poll: Public Service and Public Safety in Jakarta. The majority of respondent stated that compared to other public services, security services is still disappointing. The citizens of Jakarta admitted extra precaution remain needed in public places, such as bus stop, train station, harbor and highway. According to October 2008 statistics, crimes committed reached 40.124 cases. The major causes to these are the limited of human resources availability, in spite of life pressure socially or economically, triggered by the violence as  shown on television. 77% of respondent see that, bus station is one of the place extremely dangerous for crime, followed by airport (85.0%), traditional market (66.5%), highway (49.9%), train station (40.4%), harbor (37.1%) and house and its surroundings (89.9%). Other polls on public services shows significant quality progress, where citizen found no hassle in obtaining or renewing their Identity  Card at the local government institutions, as to compare to 10 years ago in 1998. The figure shows 22 % in 2008 compared to 40% (1998) of respondent are compelled to utilize  agents to do so, causing them extra expenses, the same figure applied in obtaining driving license and car registration (20% in 2008 to 58% in 1998). Both quality of services also gained positive responses for ID card from 58% compared to 29% in 1998, for driving license, the service is 60% better compared to 52% in 1998.

Police Officer Committed to Crime, increased by 17%. The statistics shows the figure is 6.610 (2008) an increase of 17% from 5.436 (2007), according to the Head of Profession Division and Security of Police Center Station in Jakarta. The types of crime mostly are misuse of authority and leaving duty area without permit. The full figure shows that in 2007, violations committed are by 4 high rank police officers, 147 senior police officers, 561 junior police officers, 4.648 second year officer, 33 freshmen and 48 government officials. Compared to 2008, the figures are 122, 610, 5.767, 41 and 25, respectively. On a provincial basis, the big 5 rank for violations in 2007 are North Sumatra, East Java, West Java, Lampung and South East of Sulawesi. For the year 2008 are West Java, Middle Java, Jogjakarta, East Java, and South Sulawesi. Besides discipline violation, the variants includes late for office, and uniform tidiness, where the figure in are 12.776 cases (2007) and 39.751 cases (2008).

[November 2008]

Poll: Mapping Out-New Voters. The presidential and legislative election 2009 is ripe, as shown by positive response by new voters, where it appears most of 86.4% will vote. However, a decrease of 5% is shown by age 22-29 years and 30-40 group of age. A worst figure of 79,3% are also shown by the group of age more than 41 years old. From all group of ages, only 1.5% of respondent knew almost all existed political parties, this is mainly because of poor socialization by new parties. The main reasons to vote by the new voters are mapped as: fulfilling their obligation as an citizen (67.4%), winning one of the political party (11.8%), a new experience (9%), just for fun (0.9%), etc. If the legislative election is held today, as much as 33.9% new voters are not yet decided which political party they shall choose. Furthermore, as much as 49% of respondents of new voter will choose big parties such as Golkar Party, Democrat Party, PDIP, and PKS. New voters are easily influenced by sort of interests such as parents, friends, relative, neighbors, mass media (60-67%), poster or brochure and internet (0.5-2%). According to respondents, programs that needs to be developed to attract them, are more on education and health (30.8%), prosperity (21.3%), and economy issues (13.1%).

[October 2008]

Poll of 48 Months of SBY Administration. The Poll was held by a national circulation newspaper in mid October, where the President of Indonesia, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono administration image remain high at 65% compared to 47,8% in his 45 months administration. The indicators are as viewed by its 67% respondents� satisfactory, such as in economy increased significantly from 31.1% Iin 45 months) to 46,8% (in 48 months), social welfare increased from 42,6% to 55,5%, politics increased to 57,3%, law enforcement remain stable at 49%. Decrease are of politics and security down from 57,3% to 39,7% in spite of the increase of SBY�s popularity to 81,4%, where respondents perceived his administration image remain excellent. At least half of the respondents of 54,5% are in favor to re-elect Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono for next term President of Indonesia, if the election is held today.


[August 2008]

Poll: KPK Performance for Corruption Extermination The poll published by a national circulation newspaper was held by an NGO - the Indonesian Corruption Watch-ICW. According to ICW, the first 5 years (2002-2007) 59 persons were brought to the anti corruption court from various professions, such as senior government officers (22 persons), member of the Commissions and Secretary General (12), businessmen (10), Governors/Majors (5), staffs of the Supreme Court (5), ex-Ministers (2), lawyers (2) and public attorneys (1). On the amount of state loss-handled, 30 cases involving state loss of Rp1billion to Rp20 billion, null/void loss (20 cases), over Rp100 billion loss (5 cases), Rp61 billion to 80 billion loss (3 cases) and Rp21 billion to Rp40 billion loss (2 cases). On a sectoral basis (December 2007 to Juli 2008), the government officer or the executive are at the most corrupt (6 persons), followed by the legislative (6), private entities (4), banking (3), state enterprises/state commissions/public attorney (each 1). The government has also provided at least 6 laws since 1999, to fully support KPK moves, including the right to eavesdrop/ tapping phone lines of a suspect. Also recently, the KPK has publicly announced a new uniform for a corruption suspect during trials/sessions.

Poll: Foreign Investors Control Over Indonesia Economy. The poll held by Setara Institute of 800 respondents age of 17 to 22 in May 2008 shows, that 60,8 percent believe that foreign investors took control the Indonesian economy. The young generation suggested that Indonesia as a nation must take over the control as President Evo Morales of Bolivia did to his country particularly in oil mining. The poll also shows low expectation of 57 percent domestic capability to compete with foreign entrepreneurs, and of 50,7 percent did not agree privatization of potential state enterprises. 56,85 percent respondents also perceive there is an economy draw back in the last 10 years, proven by 76 percent sees development are not for the poor and 60,9 percent believe developments are not in concordance to the Indonesia Constitution in protecting main natural resources and entities for the people' prosperity. In foreign investment, however, an Indonesian economist Chatib Basri from the University of Indonesia argued, that the survey did not meet the review issued by a number of international organization, OECD, IFC, and the world bank who considered Indonesia as a close country for foreign investors due to its updated Investment Law and negative list, ranked Indonesia at 135 out of 170 in open economy index.

[June 2008]

Poll on Indonesian Police Performance. Following the police overreaction, low performance and unprofessional conduct towards students demonstration at a university in Indonesia causing one student death as a result of police' abuse recently, an Indonesian national circulation newspaper held its poll. The public opinion (61,3%) are in the above opinion in general. In particular, the public perception are very low towards police performance in solving crime (57,5%-unsatisfied, 42,2%-satisfied , and 0,2%-abstain), handling terrorism (52,1%-46%-1,9%), handling corruption (74,8%-24,5%-0,7%), Human Rights Violation (74,3%-23,3%-2,4%), cases involving government officers or member of the police (76,9%-21,2%-1,9%), traffic violation (61,5%-37,3%-1,2%), traffic jams (58,4%-41,0%-0,6%). The public only slightly perceive police are capable at handling traffic accident (46,7%-50,71,6%). On the image, the public perceive policemen are bad in reputation (50,6%) against good reputation (46,7%) and abstain (2,7%) in year 2008, a significant reduce from year 2005 (37,2%-55,2% and 9,8%). Year 2005 is the lowest reaching 57,8%.

Poll on President SBY Popularity. The poll held by IndoBarometer at 33 major cities in Indonesia with 1200 respondents, shows that people now are more in favour for Megawati Soekarnoputri  as president if the presidential election is held today (26,1%) rather than President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (19,1%). The poll also shows that Susilo' are less favourable for the second term 2009-2014 (50,6% against 31,3%). the major cause for being infavour is the policy to increase oil prices last May 2008, where previously in June 2007 people have more confident toward Susilo (49,5% against not in favor 33,3%). In respond to the next election in June 2009, people has 10 president candidates (from top to low) Megawati (30,4%), Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (20,7%), Wiranto (9,3%), Sultan Hamengkubuwono (8,8%), Abudrrahman wahid (6,0%), Hidayat Nur Wahid (4,9%), Amien Rasi (4,3%), Prabowo Subianto (1,8%), Sutiyoso (1,3%0 and Yusuf Kalla (1,1%). Of the first three top candidates, it seems that the Indonesian People' choice remain have faith candidates from the army.

[May 2008]

Poll 10 years of Reformation. Another national circulation news papers in Indonesia held its poll by 871 respondents from 6-7 May 2008, shows that generally 75% of respondents shows their great concern over the economy slow down since Reformation 1998. It is the government they blame to cut subsidies for foods, wheat flour, sugar, corn, fish in 1998, and soon to cut subsidy for premium and kerosene. Welfare State in terms of feeding people, lost its meanings when the government fails to secure its people from hunger and unemployment as shown by 50,5% respondents, while 19,7% are for legal supremacy failure and 16,5% for social and welfare failure. Nevertheless, still big numbers of respondents thank reformation for its freedom of speech and to unite. Further, 10 year Reformation 1998 shows positive responses for better security and politics (35,1%), law enforcement (17,7%), social and public access (14,5%), and economy (4,1%). Failure of reformation also shown, where government fails in economy (50,5%), law enforcement (19,7%), social and welfare (16,5%), politics and security (5,4%) and in general (2,1%). Generally respondents find pessimism for a better Indonesia in 5 years ahead (53,6%) pinpointing the unclear of national future plan (66,8%). The 4 amendment of the constitution and the strengthening of public institutions are merely normative, where politicians remain unaware to put great concern over the people. Regional autonomy brought local politics competition, instead of independency and growth for the people.

[April 2008]

Poll of 10 year of Reformation. The poll held by demos, a research institute in human rights and democracy, shows a fundamental change reduce from 74% in 2004 to 66% in 2007 for freedom to embrace religion, language and culture, also a significant reduce from 74% in 2004 to 60% in 2006 for freedom of speech, to unite and to engage into an organization. This is as a result that democracy in Indonesia are viewed in various form, different paradigm of democracy by the people, and also that democracy find it obstacle from economy policies in terms of globalization. Therefore, a new rigid and solid policy in law and government must win over economy policy. However, significant progress is clearly shown by the actions towards new laws and regulations, significant corruption extermination, less abuse of powers by government officials, and the obedience of law by government officials and public officials.

Poll on Government Legal Officers. The poll held earlier in  March 2008 by 867 respondents at 13 major cities in Indonesia shows public disappointment towards legal officers performance these days, where 73,2% perceive no public service are free from corruption by its officers, legal officers in particular. The General Attorney�s Office and Police Institution was receive 95,4% and 73,4% of distrust, respectively. Indonesian Anti Corruption (KPK) also receive 73,4%, following the arrest of its member (a police retiree) for a graft and blackmailing during a corruption investigation by a state enterprise, last February 2008. Again it is the General Attorney Office and Police Institution were those who did not commit to corruption extermination by 84,7% and 81,2% respectively, including the Supreme Court (75,3%), the Court  (82,2%), and KPK (67,2%). Almost half respondents (55,2%) do not trust the commitment to combat corruption in general in contrary to 42,7% who remain in trust. Of the image, General Attorneys good image increase from 29,3% up from 22,3% last year the same period. Even worse, 74,4% respondents distrust the court. It is now the public compel the renewal of new tougher bill of anti corruption, since they perceive the current laws and regulation is good since its inception in 1998, but did not sufficiently implemented. A new credible and accountable legal officer is a must.

Poll on Member of the Parliament. The polls, generally shows significant perception, where 822 respondents (over 17 years of age at 10 big cities) low trust is shown for member' appearance during sessions (24% trust compared to 70,4% distrust), too much travel abroad than being at office (74,2% agree to 22,9% disagree), do not aware for people' criticism (69,2% to 27,4%) and always request additional facilities (agree 75,9%-disagree 22,4%).

[January 2008]

39 months of Susilo BY Administration: Decrease of Economy Confidence. The Poll held by a national circulation newspaper on 15-17 January 2008 with 1356 respondents at the age of minimum 17 years at 33 Major Provincial Cities, shows that people are less confident on the government ability to resolve economy downturn. In economy, the poll shows significant decrease of confidence from 77,5% (July 2005) to 64,2% (October 2005) to 49,9% (January 2008). Public dissatisfaction on government control of the hike of prices, increased from 76% (November 2007) to 82% (January 2008). International price hikes of rice, fuel, and kerosene, directly affected the increase of food prices where most people are affected, causing increase of poor people from 35,10 millions (early 2006) to 39,5% (January 2008). These affects SBY administration image decrease from 74,9% (November 2007) to 74,6% (January 2008).


2007, 2006, 2005:

[December 2007]

Indonesian Police is the Most Corrupt Institution. Following the findings by the International Human Rights Commission (IHRC), where the Indonesian Police Institution is on top of human rights violation, now the International Transparency (TI) has its another findings. The score for Indonesia police is the highest of 4,2, compared to the Indonesian parliament and judicial body and political parties (4,1 and 4,0 respectively). The  key finding factors in Indonesia in 3 years in row 2005-2007, found the scores are 4,0-4,2-4,2 (police), 4,0-4,2-4,1 (parliament and judiciary) and 4,2-4,1-4,0 (political parties). The identified problems is of perception, where most people think corruption is defined only for state loss, far from the legal definition covering also bribe, authority misconduct, gifts, a promise to give, and others under the Indonesian Corruption Law. In respect to the corruption extermination by 6 independent and government institutions, the Indonesian Vice President Jusuf Kalla recently also shows his confusion of how confident Indonesia corruptors these days until found guilty by the court and imprisoned. The poll held in Indonesia with 1,010 respondents in big cities in Indonesia , out of 63,199 respondents at 60 countries held by TI.

[November 2007]

The Role of ASEAN in the Eye of Indonesians. The signing of ASEAN Charter on the 13th ASEAN Summit conference in Singapore on 20 November 2007, become a milestone of ASEAN for a new beginning of the establishment of a better-managed organization. ASEAN charter will serve as a guidance of interest by ASEAN member countries though the poll shows low expectation of the ability of ASEAN to materialize the Charter. Respondents also perceive a pessimistic attitude over the ability of ASEAN to support a clean government of member countries (69.4%) and to ensure to uphold the law (53.6%). The majority (as mush as 78.3%) are confident that social and culture sector is more likely to be materialized. Positives appreciation is shown by 76.2% respondents in the ASEAN' ability to support the security in the south east region. Meanwhile, 69.9% respondents are optimistic the ability of ASEAN to establish an ASEAN economic community (AEC) 2015. More than 47.2% in contrary to 48,5% of respondents think that ASEAN has yet not succeeded in showing their role to make the region a new economic power. The role of ASEAN in supporting democratization process is also negative, Myanmar issue in particular, where 38.5% perceive ASEAN plays a minimum part in the dispute. 58.3% believed ASEAN also plays a minimum role in dealing with disputes borders. 62.7% respondents stated that ASEAN as an organization doesn�t give much help in combating women and child trafficking in the region. The recent poll was held by an Indonesian national circulation newspapers with 839 respondents over 17 years old in 10 big cities in Indonesia.


Poll on Military Service. The Indonesian Department of Defense' plan to introduce new law on civil service under the strategic component reserve attract positive responses of 69,5% support by respondents at 10 big cities in Indoneisa, recently. Respondents grounds are their full awareness on potential threat toward Indonesia as a nation, which is remain high (58,6%), threat from its neighbor in particular (60%). Though 65% relied the national defense on Indonesia military, in turn they are doubtful on the quality of war machines (59,6%) and its personnel (55%). An optimistic figure of 42,9% civilians are ready to join the service, though 50,2% are not. Interestingly, Papua (31,6%) rank the highest in percentage to join when civil mobilization is required in the event of state defense of emergency, followed by Surabaya, Jakarta, Makassar and Padang (14,5%, 13,2%, 12,5% and 11,5% respectively). Indonesian military and police are those on top to support the new law (85,7%), followed by government officers (77,4%), private individuals and businessmen (each 69,8%) and students (66,4%). The poll was held by a national circulation newspaper with 850 respondents at 10 major cities in Indonesia.

[October 2007]

World Food Day, 16 October 2007. The event reminds Indonesians that since 1998, following the 1994 WTO trade liberalization, Indonesia turn to be a net importer of foods as a result of import surges, such as beef (85% import surge in 2000), rice (84% in 1998), corn (72% in 2000), and sugar (50% in 1999) and chicken (121% import surge in 1999). The volume of import for 10 food products in 1996-2005 shows significant increase reaching USD 1.6 billion, annually. These are as a result of agricultural subsidies by developed countries to its farmer, such as 80% by OECD, protection at 34% by the European Union, South Korea (73%), Norway (66%), Japan (64%). Protection and subsidies are the keywords for developed countries to maintain transnational companies - TNC control over the world's food supply. Products protected varied from rice (5.43), sugar (2.04) and milk (1.85). It means, the price are dumped, an unfair trade practices under the WTO rules. TNCs took control of 16 food products around the world, a limited type of wheat, rice, corn and nuts, instead of maintaining other foods grows in a number of developing countries.

Cartel Identified on Indonesian Drugs Industries. A new presidential regulation drafted to allow the government and judicial officers to proceed the business and exterminate the cartel and drugs businesses. Minister of Health Siti Fadillah Supari also stresses out that, the findings by a number of research institutes shows, the current drugs businesses created high price of drugs reaching 5 to 200% from the original price distorted by at least 8 points of distributions (factories, wholesalers, retailers, selling point, outlets, and consumers). The cartel involves 5 major drug factories, 200 small and medium size drugs factories, 1,500 distributors, 6,500 pharmacies, 3,000 drug stores, thousands of hospitals and clinics. The enormous profit hit the consumers badly, the poor in particular. The results to avail them to buy, the research also shows that 77% out of 257 respondents buy imitated drugs, where such 40% imitated drug are supplied at 600 drug stores.

[August 2007]

Poll of the Member of the Parliament' Performance. The poll held in commemorating its 62 years of its rule in the Indonesian lawmaking and politics. Since reformation 1998, the parliament have undergone significant changes, where member are more educated, younger, and with various background of professions. The Parliament also empowered to take over the control for lawmaking (77 new laws since 2004 for the member for the period of 2004-2009). However, 78% (or 60 laws) of such laws are under the initiative of the government instead by the member of parliament. Respondents perceive that the law qualities degrade since a number of laws (law 22/2004, 27/2004, 32/2004) wholly annulled by the Constitution Court, with argument the laws are in contrary to the constitution. Respondents also are in view that parliament members are less able to control the government (76,3%), less able to well-function (65,6%), less able to respond to public needs (66,7%), less able to be the forefront for national politic accelerator (64%), less able to uphold human rights issues (71,5%), and only aware of its own politic party representation (66,9%). In spite of the above, member of parliaments' images are negative, since they always being absent for hearings (70,4%), late to attend hearings (68,4%), too many trips abroad (74,2%), critism-prove (69,2%). In general, the positive image remain below 30% since they took the seat in 2001. The poll by 822 -
1.379 respondents shall however, do not represent general national perceptions.

Judges and public Attorneys at the lowest for Obedience Rate. This is in relation to the compulsory report of their personal wealth according to the Indonesian Corruption Extermination Body - KPK, where judges and public attorneys are those the lowest (only 43,77% out of 20.991 staffs) after the government officers, member of the parliament and state enterprises executives, where the statistic obedience rate are 67,564% (out of 61.809 staffs), 70,06% (out of 23.78 staffs) and 73,09% (out of 7413 staffs), respectively.

[July 2007]

Foreign Investment Increased at 18.21%The above figure from the Indonesian Coordination Board of Investment (BKPM) is for the January-May 2007 period, which reached USD 3,7 billion of 401 projects. In 2006 it reached only USD 3,13 billion of 377 projects, respectively. In 2007 BKPM expects the investment will reach USD 19,79 billion.

[June 2007]

Indonesia - Japan Finalized Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA). The Discussion Record was signed in Tokyo on 22 June 2007, official agreement is expected to be signed in August by both Presidents. Indonesia will play the role for production centre not only for Japan market, but also the region through establishment of Manufacturing Industrial Development Center for the component manufacturing for automotive, electronic and engines to meet Japan' standards. Zero percent tariffs applied to 91% of Indonesian export to Japan, where in turn Indonesia reduce them at 30%. In labor issues, internship of 3-4 years in Japan will be open for hospitality industries. The trade between Japan-Indonesia in 2006 reached USD 12,2 billion for oil & gas to Japan, where in turn USD5,4 billion for non-oil and gas to Indonesia.

[May 2007]

Poll on 9 years of Reformation in Indonesia. The poll held by a national circulation newspapers by 875 respondents in 10 big cities in Indonesia, shows that, generally people are not satisfied with the government�s achievement in economy (81,3%), social welfare (77,4%), but less in law (73,7%) and politics/security (69,9%). Answers to the questions in various issues also shows high degree in unsatisfactory results, where people still believe Soeharto�s influence in national politics (87,4%), unsolved corruption by conglomerates (82,7%), May 1998 case trials (90,1%), and high living cost - particularly after the oil increase in 2005 (93,1%). Generally, people also felt that increase price for living are getting worst (57,4%) and people have less access to jobs and businesses (50,2%). These are in contrast to good result of satisfactory in freedom of expressions (49%) and freedom in politics (49,3%). Of the six agenda of reformation, only one not yet achieved, that is the trial of the Soeharto Families for corruption, though most are satisfied in the other 5 agenda of the supremacy of law, KKN extermination, amendment of constitution, regional autonomy and the civil supremacy.

[April 2007]

Poverty Reduced. According to the government official report, the number decreased from 19,14 % (in 2000) to 15,9 % (in 2005) for total population of 225 millions. However, as a respond to the high increase of gas and oil price in the end of 2005, the percentage reached 17,75%. State' budget to reduce poverty has been significantly increased from Rp18 trillion (USD 2 billion) in 2004 to Rp51 trillion (USD 5,5billion) in 2005 and projected at USD 65,5 trillion (USD 6,5 billion) in 2008. 3 Indonesian economists and university lectuteres pointed out 5 sectors with 0-10 score (0 for worst), in what the government has done, which are, that in providing and distribution of food reached 4-4-5 score, in providing access to education (6-7-6), health care for the people (6-7-4), to tackle poverty (4-4-4) and to handle unemployment (6-4-4). In doing so, the Indonesian President, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono who obtained his doctoral degree in agriculture from a reputable Bogor Insitute of Agriculture in Indonesia, has his strategy for the next 10 to 20 years, so called the Triple Track Strategy: progrowth, projob and propoor.

Indonesian Law Student Won the First Rank of Phillip Jessup International Moot Court Competition. Held by the International Student's Association of the American International Law Community in Washington, USA, the said Indonesian woman of 20 years old law student from the Faculty of Law the University of Indonesia, won the first rank for oralist among other 290 contestants from 95 law schools all over the world. In 2004, again Indonesian law student won for team category. The moot court competition is a simulation court of the International Court of Justice. In Indonesia, most public or state universities entry competition are very tight, with seat to competitors ratio varied at 1: 20 to 1:500.

Poll of the Presidential Advisory Insitutions. The poll with 841 Indonesian respondents over 17 years at 10 major cities shows, that 62%, 59,9% and 66,8% are satisfied, enthusiast and appreciate of the establishment of Presidential Working Unit (UKP3R) in early 2006, the Presidential 4 Staff of Advisors in mid 2006 and recently the addition of 5 staffs of The Presidential Advisors (DPP), respectively. Respondents rationale are based on the disappointment by the performance failure by the current ministers mostly in agriculture/national economic/social problems (32% to 66%), which they agree to dismiss a number of ministers (50% to 77%), and finally that they believe the President has the authority to do so (65,9%). Despite of the above, respondents are also aware the increase of budget to maintain the advisory board may increase national extra budgets. In other official occasion, President Susilo warned leaders to avoid being arrogant, greed, and changing attitude to serve people.

[March 2007]

Increased, Suspicious Financial Transaction (SFT). This is monthly SFT transactions comparisons of 2006 to 2007 as reported by the Indonesian Financial Transaction Analysis Report Center, which monthly SFT are 290 (totaling 3.482) to 352 (11 times dialy) respectively, of which the first two months are of 433 to 448 respectively. Since 2002, there has been 7,489 SFT. In 2007, 448 STF has been reported by PPATK to the legal officers for further investigations, however so far the law can only reach bank owners or financial institution involved instead of the customers. It is suspected the moneys are to fund a number of local elections, to pay fines by corruptors and worst are corruptors move to secure its assets.

Indonesia and Thailand gained 8,03 point for Corruption Perception. The said numbers range from 0 for the less and 10 for the worst, according to a recent research during January to February 2007 with 1,500 respondents of foreign investors executives at 13 cities in Southeast Asian Countries, held by PERC based in Hong Kong. Indonesia' rank is better than 2006, and in contrary for Thailand and the Philippines (9,40). Singapore (1,20) and Hongkong (1,87) remain the less corrupt. However, PERC admitted that corruption perception are closely related to transparency and freedom of speech, and that foreign business and investors are taking advantages from the corrupted countries and treated them as a save heaven  for corruption

Poll of Bribery by the Indonesian Public Law Officers. A new poll held by Transparency International, an NGO, shows that the court are at the top in terms to initiate for bribe (51%), followed by the police institution (55%) and military institution  (53%). Interestingly, Collusion Corruption and Nepotism (KKN) mostly also persuaded  by multinational companies and big corporations. The polls held with 1700 respondents of business institutions at 32 ciities in Indonesia, composed of 89% domestic investment and 11% foreign investment companies with registered business and tax pay numbers.  

[February 2007]

Indonesian Middle Class must promote Law Supremacy. An inauguration speech at the Gadjah Mada State University addressed by Profesor Boediono (current Coordinating minister for Economy), warns that a sustainable democracy for Indonesia for the next 9 years must be promoted by the Indonesian middle class. To secure its sincere intention toward reformation, the typical of middle class are expected those particularly who grew free from past corruption collusion and nepotism, instead those who previously enjoyed royal treatment and fed by social and economic priviledges prior to the 1998 reformation. The typical of such Indonesian middle class remain small in numbers, where it is represented by the professionals, NGO, and private entities. In terms of Indonesia's economy these days, it is likely that law supremacy must take place  for a sustainable democracy.

Poll of Bribery by the Indonesian Public Law Officers. A new poll held by Transparency International, an NGO, shows that the court are at the top in terms to initiate for bribe (51%), followed by the police institution (55%) and military institution  (53%). Collusion Corruption and Nepotism (KKN) between business entities and the public institutions happen mostly at the level of initial bid, after the bid and during payment. The polls held with 1700 respondents of business institutions at 32 ciities in Indonesia, composed of 89% domestic investment and 11% foreign investment companies with registered business and tax pay numbers.

[January 2007]

Poll on Government Performances. A recent poll held on public satisfaction on the month of 27 of the Government administration performances. Generally, the poll shows that the performances reduced from 51,9% to 47,5% in the last 12 months, although generally the people (72%) remain having full trust in the-direct elected President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono. The poll also shows, that people remain satisfied for the guarantee of freedom of speech and freedom of the press, including freedom to embrace religion. In contrast are to satisfaction to social welfare, economic welfare, political issues, and law reform decreased to 34,1% from 40,0%, 30,5% from 41,7%, 59,9% from 82,2%, to 52,7% from 81%, respectively. However, the respondents realized that the problems faced are enormous, complicated and take times to solve. Indonesia, the most democratic country in the region, consist of 225 million of population, over 50 ethnics and 450 dialogues, 5 religions, spread over 5 big island and other thousand small islands in three time zones.


[November 2006]

Decrease of Consumption and Tax Payment. The statistic collected by various independent institutions shows that, there has been significant decreases during the year 2006 (until October) compared to 2005. These are for the national consumption for consumer goods, such as electronic goods (0.91% to 21.36% - compiled by the Data Electronics Marketer), luxurious cars (1.350 units in 2006 compared to 3.552 in 2005 - Daimler Chrysler Indonesia), cement for housing (25,852,739 tonnes in 2006 compared to 26,772,727 tonnes in 2005 - Indonesian Cement Association). The Jakarta Tax Office also reported the same decrease of paid taxes around 22,3% at 5 municipals in Jakarta - the Capital City, up to this 2006 tax year. It is expected the real values will resolve December this year.

18.000 Indonesians composed 1/3 richest man in Singapore. Their wealth are valued at USD 78 billions. 200 are identified to be Indonesian corruptors and Indonesian-Chinese businessman/bank criminals. the latter are the biggest contributors to the above numbers, such as Liem Sioe Liong and Eka Cipta Widjaja, both Indonesian conglomerates. Singapore adopts a tight banking policy regardless the money sources, where money laundering is also not the concern. According to this, three Singaporeans at Morgan Stanley, including a person awarded best economist in Asia by the Asia Money 2003, Andy Xie, were 'suggested' to resign from their job right after divulging sensitive information, where Andy Xie (of Morgan Stanley Dean Writer) stated that, Singapore played a 'significant role' as a money launderer for Indonesian corruptors and business criminals, especially Indonesian Chinese. Singapore' growth are also fake and unreal because are built on money laundering. His comments were made to respond IMF' meeting delegates comments in September 2006, that Singapore is a success model of globalization.

[October 2006]

9 out of 100 applicants for the Supreme Court Judges. This is the initial number of the candidates for the Indonesian Supreme Court Judges after passing a number of examination by the Indonesian Judicial Committee, where only 3 are from the career judges. The criteria are tight, based on merit system, the qualification also covers intellectuality, moral, clean background, deep investigation of candidate's wealth and proprietary, and commitment to uphold the law and justice in Indonesia. Based on the current poll, the community perceived, that the Indonesian court and judges has fallen to the lowest point of trust, since most judges are considered less intellect, moral hazard, no commitment to uphold law and justice.

[September 2006]

7,038 corruptors out of total 111,000 persons imprisoned and detained.  This is the number of corruptors imprisoned and detained for corruption cases, where those include the very recent of 4 provincial governors (equal to state), 2 ex-ministers, a big number of people' representatives and number of persons of high rank civil officers, including a number of police general and army generals, which are arrested for further investigation and interrogation, under trial and imprisoned for corruption cases in Indonesia. 33 foreigners out of 99 are also those awaiting for capital sentences. The said numbers released by the Minister of Law and Regulation, where numbers is believed will escalates.

4 Indonesian Law Students Won the Foreign Minister's Award. The moot court competition was the International Moot Court Asia Cup 2006 held in Hong Kong, where the they were awarded the Best Team, the Best Speaker, and Third Position for the Plea Substance. The said 4 Indonesian Law Students from the University of Indonesia, defeated law students from the University of Hong Kong, Kyoto University (Japan), Malaya University (Malaysia), Ateneo de Manila University (the Philippines), National University of Singapore, Chulalongkorn University (Thailand). Also in the period of 2005-2006, there are 18 Indonesian students won a number of gold medals at various international science and physics olympiad competitions, including the prestigious award of One Step to Noble, where Indonesian represent the most from the ASEAN region.

829 respondents have their says on Indsonesian Court and Judges. The Poll shows that 69,0% to 85,4% are not satisfied of judges performances in various verdicts of criminal cases (69,0%), of corruption (85,4%), of human rights (79,7%), and of criminal cases held by public officers (82,5%) and of court mafias (80,6%). Respondents also has shown strong believe that court mafia are at any level since case registration (75,4%), during sessions (71,2%) and verdict (73,2%). Respondents also in agreement, that the Supreme Court Judges must be monitored by a separate independent entity (86,9% to 96,4%). A different Indonesian national circulation magazines have its cover story on police performances, where it was found that passing grade during policemen recruitment are the lowest compared to other institution in Indonesia. Bribe and nepotism are also a mere fact during recruitment. The poll at 10 major cities in Indonesia, shall however do not represent the whole majority in Indonesia.

[July 2006]

KPPU (the Indonesian Anti Competition Commission) Report 2004-2005. During said period, 45% incoming report to KPPU are on transparency of public projects bidding, 10% on cartel, 10% on dominant position and 24% for others. Sanction applies to most of private companies and bidding committees, where both interact through corruption-collusion and nepotism (KKN),and as a result causing state financial loss. In a recent case of public street ligthing in Jakarta, 10 companies received sanctions and must return public money at least Rp 1 billion (USD 1,1 million) each. KPPU identifies three models of KKN: horizontal (between bidding participants by setting price), vertical (collusion between participant and the committee), and a combination of both. The law for Anti Trust and Fair Trade is Law no. 5 year 1999.

[June 2006]

Poll on Indonesian Leadership Figure. About only 26,2% of respondents are satisfied of their current leadership in law enforcement in comparison to 50,6% in religion, government officer (27,6%), and member of the parliament men are the lowest (19,4%). In contrast, ex President Soekarno remain the popular leadership figure (64%) followed by Soeharto (54,5%) then Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (33,3%). The above shows people' perception in the transformation shift from past 35 years authoritarian to present full democracy system in 8 items including politics, economy, law, and education. In general, during present time, 77,1% believe the low commitments of national figure to fight for the Indonesia as a nation and 66,7% remain state power to control the national economy. The poll followed by 782 respondents over 17 years of age  in 10 major cities with 95% index of trust, shall however, do not represent the national perception.

Indonesian Bureaucracy score at 8,2 out of scale 10. This is slightly better than India with score 8,95, compared to Singapore (2,2) and Hong Kong (3.1), a report released by PERC in 2005. 3,3 millions of  government officers are serving 230 millions of Indonesian people at 33 provinces and 340 regencies, which are spread into 5 major island and others thousands islands at an area of 1,9 million square kilometers. This is to compare to Singapore with 3 millions people.

Police Officer Performances. A recent research conducted by a national circulation newspaper shows, that public disappointment and dissatisfactory to police performance increased significantly 53% to 77%  in 2006 compared to 45% to 65% last year for 5 major police services. The bad performances are, such as involving police creates bribe, creates more problems than solving it, police protecting illegal businesses and human rights violations. Recruitment transparencies to be a police officers are also the main concern with regard to their professionalism and morality , an NGO reported.

[May 2006]

59 laws released in 18 months during Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono administration. This is to compare to previous administration of ex President BJ Habibie (1998-1999), Abdurrahmah Wahid (1999-2001) and Megawati Soekarnoputri (2001-2004 ) which are 66, 51 and 82 laws, respectively. However, according to a research institute, 62% out of 193 law during 1999-2004 significantly bear more political interests than community interests, such as additional political seats orientation. Only 27% of laws having economic and finance interests, 8% community interests, and 7% industrial and development orientation. The new National Legislation Program in 2004 will integrate the legislative and the executive initiatives in releasing new laws emphasizing on community interest.

[April 2006]

Indonesian Constitution Supreme Court Ruling. Again, the law 39 year 2004 article 35 paragraph (D) has been annulled due to contrary to the Indonesian Constitution 1945 article 28 H paragraph 2. Out of the total 7 decisions ever made, 4 laws has been partially annulled and the other 3 has been fully annulled by the Constitution Court.

Foreing Visitors to Indonesia, Increased. Foreign Visitors to Indonesia 50.7% are for leisure, 33.83% for businesses purposes. The said researches are based on the Passenger Exit Survey (PES) in 2005 to 10.000 respondents, where most are professionals and business managers groups. Jakarta is the most place to visit (47,48%) following Bali (35,37%).



[January 2006]

Poll of Public Satisfaction of the President's Performance. The poll of the President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono's 15 months in office shows, that In general the public remain proud Susilo, the direct-elected president, being the President of the Republic of Indonesia (78,5% compared to 83,4% in his first 3 months) for his consistency (58,9% compared to 40,3% for the ex President Megawati' term), improvement in political and law enforcement (70%). His economic policy is still appreciated (63,2%), though public still disagrees with the increase of oil prices, tax paying, and rice importation. Indonesia is the only country in the region adopting full democracy and guarantees the people of the freedom of speech and expression, since 1998. The poll was held by a national circulation newspaper on 16-17 January 2006 with 1,622 respondents in 31 provinces, age over 17 years with 95% accuracy. This poll shall however, do not represent the national perceptions.

Supreme Court Distrust Poll. The poll by 811 respondents in 10 big cities in Indonesia shows an approval to replace new supreme judges in full (7,7 to 48,1%) and partly (47,1 to 80,8%), judges are involved in bribe and KKN (89% IN 2006) as to compare to 86,3% IN 2005 and finally, public unsatisfactory of the supreme court professionalism from 54,3% to 73,2%. According to recent bribe case by a conglomerate, 58% respondent strongly believe the involvement in bribe by the Chairman.



[October 2005]

Poll on Court Distrusts. Following the KPK action against bribe case in the Indonesian Supreme Court a week ago, a recent poll held at 10 major cities in Indonesia by a national circulation newspaper shows that 72% to 92,2% respondents believe that Indonesian judges are prone to be bribed or involved in KKN (Collusion-Corruption-Nepotism), between 57,75% to 84% respondents also believe that money can buy court rulings, and 82,8% believe that a number of lawyers/advocates at the court are involved in the bribery. The two days poll was participated by 859 respondents, however the said result do not represent the real opinion in the community.


[September 2005]

Poll on Quality of Life in Indonesia. The Indonesians perceive that equal justice has improved 11% these days compared to December 2003, according to a recent poll held by an Indonesian national circulation newspapers. Social relation, freedom of speech, access to education and security remains the same. Access to get a job, savings, and household income decreased between 5 to 11%. The figure is based on poll 859 respondents over 17 years of age at 10 major cities in Indonesia, and do not however represent the whole country perception.


[May 2005]

Indonesian Constitutional Court rules 46 Judicial Review Requests. In general, the court sessions usually go between 2 to 8 until decision is made within 8 months, in 2003. Out of the 48 rulings, 16 requests was granted, 14 request unaccepted and 10 requests denied. This do not include 252 cases dispute over election results. The Indonesian Constitutional Court ruling was based on the authority to make judicial reviews over a law in contrary to the constitution, dispute over elections results and dispute over public authority, on the ground of the Indonesian Constitution 1945.


[April 2005]

Deficit Grows. Trade between Indonesia and China has grown significantly, where the figure for China export to Indonesia in 2003  was USD 2,39 billion increase to USD 3,4 billion for oil and gas and non-oil and gas products in 2004. Indonesia suffered from loss of USD 261 million from non-oil and gas export to China. Guangzhou contribute 40% of total export, followed by Shanghai (30%) and Beijing (20%).